ACSM vs NSCA - The Battle of the two Popular Certifications 2023

Welcome to my PT Pioneer ultimate ACSM vs NSCA comparison!

My review contrasts both CPT certifications across the following key aspects:

Topical information: comparison of pricing, packages, and prerequisites
NSCA vs ACSM content deep dive: knowledge and skills
Explanation of my expert review process

If you need additional guidance on the range of CPT options, I suggest you take the quiz to figure out the best cert for your career aspirations.

Alright, let’s dive in!

ACSM vs NSCA - The Battle of the Legacy Certifications [year] 10

ACSM vs NSCA: Quick Information

CPTACSM vs ACE Quick BreakdownFeaturesPrice
  • The oldest certification provider with strong research and academic influence across the sports science community
  • A leader in sports medicine and corrective training principles
  • A good platform for immersive professional development 
View on the ACSM website
  • A well-established research and academic authority in health and fitness with a strong legacy
  • Considered the leader in strength and conditioning methodology
  • A good platform for seasoned professionals to expand their knowledge
  • One of the oldest certification providers
View on the NSCA website
Exam cost
Exam cost
$300 (Members) $435 (Non-members)
Study Material Cost
Study Material Cost
Exam Passing Score
Exam Passing Score
Scaled 550/800
Exam Pass Rate
Exam Pass Rate
66% (2018 data)
72% (2019 data)
Average Completion Time
Average Completion Time
3 to 9 months
3-6 months

ACSM Personal Trainer Certification

ACSM vs NSCA - The Battle of the Legacy Certifications [year] 11

ACSM is the American College of Sports Medicine. It was founded in 1954, making it the oldest and one of the best personal trainer certification providers globally.

ACSM accreditations focus primarily on research and development in exercise science and sports medicine.

They are, in fact, a non-profit scientific body. Most certifications reference ACSM’s research in their textbooks, from various nutrition certifications all the way to online personal training certifications.

For a deeper look at the top certification providers in the fitness industry, I recommend reading my article that covers the best personal trainer certifications.

Overall, ACSM certifications are among the most influential in the industry. Also, many of the top-tier education providers citing their research or using it in their curriculum.

Their focus, which I’ll get into more detail in a later section, is promoting population health through the best corrective exercise training programs and medical principles.

NSCA Personal Trainer Certification

ACSM vs NSCA - The Battle of the Legacy Certifications [year] 12

NSCA is the National Strength and Conditioning Association, founded in 1978, making them one of the most established exercise science organizations.

NSCA also functions in a non-profit capacity.

And just like ACSM, they too are a research-based organization focusing on pushing the envelope in the field of understanding exercise science and athletic performance.

Athletic performance and sports coaching programs are the hallmarks of NSCA’s focus, which I’ll talk more about shortly.

Both ACSM and NSCA fall into a similar category of academic research bodies that provide qualifications for dedicated professionals in the exercise science and sports medicine fields.

They are also accredited by the National Commission for Certifying Agencies or NCCA.

This is a seal of quality and authenticity that you should generally look for no matter which of the best personal trainer certifications you’re considering.

The General Focus of ACSM vs. NSCA

Each certifying agency has its own unique niche, even if it’s a subtle signature.

This niche is an area of focus usually developed from the foundational principles that influenced the institute’s formation.

For example, one cert provider might focus on aerobic training principles, while another might lean mostly towards nutritional concepts.

Understanding the focal areas can help you align the proper personal fitness trainer certification with your career options for personal training.

The popularity and recognition of a cert can also help ease the decision fatigue that arises from having too many unknown options.

It assists with the preselection bias most people rely on for making complex purchase decisions by tapping into the collective opinions and advice of industry professionals.

The recognition aspect also lets you know which employers and which job fields are asking for which qualifications, thus helping you maximize your personal trainer salary opportunities and find the best gym to work from.


ACSM vs NSCA - The Battle of the Legacy Certifications [year] 13

As I briefly touched on, ACSM is built and positioned around sports medicine principles.

They tend to focus on clients that have previous medical conditions or injuries.

There is a lot of functional training and muscular corrective exercise in their training methods.

I would put ACSM in the category of a corrective exercise certification.

An easy way to determine what sort of focus a certifying agency places on its curriculum is simply by the name.

ACSM has “Sports Medicine” in its name, which should lead you to believe that their mission points towards implementing medical principles through exercise methodologies and health coach programs.


ACSM vs NSCA - The Battle of the Legacy Certifications [year] 14

As mentioned, NSCA has a performance-based focus.

Many training methods involve reactive training, speed, agility, and quickness training.

They have a more advanced certification called the certified strength and conditioning coach or CSCS, which is firmly centered around sports performance and sports coaching.

The NSCA CSCS requirements are also more stringent, but that’s a discussion for a different article.

Their general certified trainers’ certification is a precursor to their more advanced certifications.

And just as with ACSM, you can determine the direction the NSCA curriculum points towards by taking their name into account.

With that in mind, the NSCA ranks near the top for having the best strength and conditioning certifications.

Skills and Knowledge Covered in NSCA vs ACSM

ACSM and NSCA have a lot of heritage between them, they are both highly regarded in the exercise and sports science communities.

Regardless, their coverage of important topics and concepts in fitness for personal trainers vary tremendously.

Let’s look at how each covers crucial topics differently.

Exercise Science Coverage

ACSM vs NSCA - The Battle of the Legacy Certifications [year] 15

Both certification providers give a fully comprehensive and detailed account of exercise science, adequate for any successful personal trainer.

So with little to separate the two in this department quality-wise, lets see how they differ in their approach.

ACSM’s take on exercise physiology and science highlights key concepts such as biomechanics, bioenergetics, and anatomy, thus paying credence to the sports medicine and corrective exercise angle they approach with.

ACSM vs NSCA - The Battle of the Legacy Certifications [year] 16

NSCA’s approach to exercise science shines a spotlight on topics such as training adaptations to aerobic and resistance training, all which fall in line with the organisation’s focus on performance and conditioning.

Behavioral Coaching Principles

ACSM vs NSCA - The Battle of the Legacy Certifications [year] 17

Helping your personal training clients remodel their behaviors and habits is tantamount to them achieving their goals.

Exclusive PTP CPT Offers

Gold Standard Cert
Save 25%
Most Popular Cert
3 Certs for 1
Best Study Materials
See MVP discount
A Good Option
50% off
A Good Option
50% off
Best CPT for you?
Get Free Trial

It is your duty as a trainer to motivate your clients inside and outside the gym by instilling effective habits.

Having the skills to assist clients in psychologically rewiring their approach to fitness, nutrition and lifestyle not only pays off for them, but it pays off for you, providing a good track record and reputation, important factors in personal trainer marketing.

When it comes to behavioral coaching, NSCA has an entire chapter, Chapter 8, dedicated to highlighting this topic.

The concepts NSCA uses to expand on this are:

  • Goal setting
  • Motivation
  • Influences and adaptations of mental health around exercise

ACSM on the other hand goes a bit more in-depth in terms of quantity of coverage on this topic.

The ACSM curriculum has a whole section, Part III, solely focused on behavioral principles which are covered in three chapters.

These chapters discuss concepts such as:

Consulting and Screening Clients to Reduce Risks of Injury

ACSM vs NSCA - The Battle of the Legacy Certifications [year] 18

Before you even begin training new clients, you need to asses their capability and current state for any special considerations or contraindications.

Firstly, you want to assess their current fitness level so you have a good understanding of where to begin and how to achieve set outcomes.

Secondly, you’ll want to clear your clients of any medical complications that may hinder normal training, allowing you to factor this into your personal trainer programming.

ACSM goes through this principle in Part IV: Initial Client Screening.

Here you’ll learn how to conduct fitness and health assessments at the initial stages and throughout your client/trainer relationships.

NSCA does the same in Part II: Initial Consultation and Evaluation.

This section covers health assessments, fitness assessments, and the norms and protocols of continuous fitness testing.

Resistance Training Program Implementation

Resistance training programing and instruction are at the crux of any fitness program.

NSCA, being a strength & conditioning-focused academy, has a more immersive take on resistance training than many other certification providers.

Aerobic Training Program Implementation

Aerobic or cardio training principles are crucial to any fitness protocol. Without a strong cardiorespiratory foundation, other training methodologies such as resistance training will suffer.

NSCA does a good job of highlighting aerobic training concepts, both from a general perspective and a performance enhancement perspective.

Chapter 6: Physiological Responses and Adaptations to Aerobic Endurance Training, and Chapter 14: Cardiovascular Training Methods both do a good job of teaching these concepts and their implementation.

ACSM does the same, but to a lesser extent in just one chapter, Chapter 15: Cardiorespiratory Training Programs.

Albeit brief, it at least gives you a good idea of how to implement cardio protocols, which is the endgame with aerobic fitness principles.

Overall, NSCA has a superior take on program design for aerobic and endurance.

Helping Special Populations with Fitness


Special populations training is an important consideration when it comes to the personal trainer job description.

People naturally have individual needs and preferences, but sometimes those needs and preferences extend beyond what’s considered the norm.

From a personal training standpoint, clients with such needs and preferences are termed special populations.

This can range from high-performance athletes to people with disabilities.

examples of special population groups include:

  • Prenatal and postnatal
  • Senior fitness
  • Youth and children
  • People with chronic conditions (e.g: arthritis, hypertension, diabetes)
  • People with disabilities
  • Competitive athletes

NSCA has an entire section dedicated to special population groups.

You’ll find it as Part V: Clients With Unique Needs, a six-chapter section focusing on training principles for different special client scenarios.

this is very well done, and I can only compare it to ISSA’s take on special populations, which is probably the most in-depth I’ve encountered.

As for ACSM, their take on special populations concepts can be found only in Chapter 20: Special Populations.

While it does provide some useful insight, it’s not anywhere near as in-depth as the NSCA coverage of this topic.

For a greater look at the content in each of these individual certifications, check out my comprehensive ACSM CPT review and NSCA CPT review.

Certification Popularity and Recognition of ACSM vs. NSCA

As for popularity, ACSM has a wider popularity margin than the NSCA.

They are much older and also have a further-reaching influence within the fitness industry.

Based on this google trends chart, NSCA doesn’t even have enough search data to post in the graph for evaluation.

But popularity is one thing. The next important consideration is recognition.

While there are no measurable metrics to point out what the reputation and recognition of a cert are, I can say through my experience that both ACSM and NSCA sit on par with each other in that regard.

They are both research-driven academic pillars that exude a sense of prestige based on their respective legacies.

They are also delivered in a similar fashion, both having online study materials and online personal trainer certifications.

CPT certs from both are accepted almost universally.

The Study Materials and Pricing of ACSM vs. NSCA

Each certification presents options for learning the curriculum and preparing for the exam.

I want to help you take a peek at what both ACSM CPT and NSCA CPT bring to the table in terms of study materials, as well as what they will cost you.

ACSM Certification Cost and Materials

ACSM, unlike many other certs, including NSCA, as you’ll soon find, doesn’t come with prepackaged study kits.

You purchase the exam, and then you mix and match your exam prep materials separately and to your own discretion.

Overall you can purchase three different books to help you study for the ACSM test.

Exclusive PTP CPT Offers

Gold Standard Cert
Save 25%
Most Popular Cert
3 Certs for 1
Best Study Materials
See MVP discount
A Good Option
50% off
A Good Option
50% off
Best CPT for you?
Get Free Trial

Two primary books help you get acquainted with the material.

The 3rd booklet helps you review their primary textbook.

This booklet for a personal trainer costs approximately $30 on their website.

The primary textbook will cost roughly $48.

Again you can probably find a cheaper used version on Amazon.

This textbook teaches you the basics of exercise science, exercises, and routine development.

The 2nd book focuses strongly on prescribing routines for specific individuals as well as exercise testing.

If you purchase it from their website, this will cost you approximately $40.

Unlike NSCA, they offer a prep course to get hands-on experience.

This workshop costs $270.

Although it is a pricey workshop, it helps you get prepared to work one-on-one with an actual client.

Compared to other certifications, ACSM is one of the more challenging exams to pass.

The best advice I can give is to study all three books as much as possible.

The textbook and the test are purchased separately, just like NSCA.

All the costs I’ve just mentioned are discounted upon subscribing to an ACSM membership.

The test will cost approximately $349 for non-members.

Expect to spend around $600 for the test and all textbooks.

Third party materials are always an option such as this free ACSM Study Guide and Practice Exam.

Speaking of which, my students highly rate the  Trainer Academy ACSM CPT Prep Course.

Whichever option you choose, don’t forget to stop by the official ACSM site for up to date pricing and specials.

NSCA Certification Cost and Materials

NSCA study materials come in three package offerings, with each option having different study material quantities and being priced accordingly.

The packages are:

  • NSCA-CPT Essential Package
  • NSCA-CPT Essential Plus Package
  • NSCA-CPT Digital Package

The Digital package is a bare-bones package with all the training wheels removed. This package is ideal for seasoned sports medicine academics who don’t require much guidance. It includes:

  • Study Guide
  • Over 200 digital practice tests

The Essential package has some guidance but not too much hand-holding. It’s best for people who have a good grasp of sports science principles but want to expedite the study process. It includes:

  • Essentials of Personal Training course textbook
  • Study Guide
  • Over 200 digital practice questions

Lastly, we have the Essential Plus package, which is all-inclusive and ideal for newbie personal trainers:

  • Essentials of Personal Training course textbook
  • Exercise Technique Manual
  • Study Guide
  • Over 200 digital practice exams
  • And much more

Just remember that your study package is a separate purchase from your exam registration, which means your total cost is a combination of the two.

Along with this is the fact that pricing changes based on your membership status are all things to consider 

Members pay less than non-members, so let’s see what pricing looks like with or without it.

Non-member pricing:

  • NSCA CPT exam cost: $435
  • NSCA-CPT Essential Package: $290.70
  • NSCA-CPT Essential Plus Package: $511
  • NSCA-CPT Digital Package: $202

Member pricing::

  • Exam registration: $300
  • NSCA-CPT Essential Package: $240.30
  • NSCA-CPT Essential Plus Package: $455
  • NSCA-CPT Digital Package: $152

So Membership cuts your costs considerably, but what does Membership entail, and what does Membership itself cost?

Membership with NSCA comes in three possible plans. Those are:

  • Student Membership: $70.00
  • Professional Membership: $130.00
  • NSCA- Certified PT Digital Package: $418.83

In my opinion, the Membership is totally worth it.

The additional cost, especially with the student membership, is canceled out by the savings you’ll make on your other purchases.

You’ll also have access to several extra benefits which you wouldn’t have otherwise had.

Overall, neither of these is the cheapest personal trainer certification, but the price matches the value in both cases.

You can start your NSCA exam prep without spending any money by checking out my free NSCA CPT study guide and practice test

For a premium option at an affordable price, third-party study materials such as the Trainer Academy NSCA CPT MVP Study Guide offer flashcards, audio guides, practice tests, and an exam pass guarantee at much lower cost than official materials.

Of course, you are always free to purchase the full-price materials directly from the NSCA.


As far as prerequisites go, the requirements for both NSCA and ACSM are pretty fundamental and standard.

You have to:

  • Be at least 18 years old
  • Hold a high school diploma or equivalent
  • Have current first responder certifications ( First Aid. CPR, AED certification)

Information On The Tests and Recertification: ACSM vs NSCA

It’s an excellent strategy to understand the exam layout and structure before the final test.

One of your deciding factors might end up being finding the easiest personal training certification.

It’s also standard practice that once certified. Your certification will require renewal after a certain period.

Not all fitness certifications require this, and the time frame varies from provider to provider.

For this to happen, you will need to pay a nominal fee and submit CEUs or continuing education credits.

These time-measured units prove that you are continually engaging with the ever-evolving pool of knowledge springing from the health and fitness industry.

It means that your knowledge and skills are current, eliminating the need for you to continually re-enroll in the CPT certification program.

The best way to go about this is to find cheap CEUs for personal trainers in order to maintain your credentials.

ACSM Certification

The ACSM final exam consists of 150 multiple-choice questions, with only 120 counting towards the final score.

The other 30 questions are un-scored, used to evaluate viability for future exams.

You might be thinking to yourself, “Hey, let me just skip those questions.”

The thing is, you’ll have no way of telling between the ones that are real and the ones that are “fake,” for lack of a better term.

The exam runs for 165 minutes (2.75 hours).

The content of the ACSM test is centered on four main domains of study. Each domain covers various topics separated into cognitive levels; recall, application, and synthesis.

As with most accredited certifications, ACSM CPT requires renewal after a set period.

This renewal is necessary after every three years from initial certification.

In order to recertify your ACSM credentials, you will need to submit 4.5 CEUs, which are equivalent to 45 hours of continued education experience.

Along with this, a $45 on-time recertification fee is required. 

If you recertify late, you’ll incur a $75 late recertification fee.

NSCA Certification

The NSCA CPT exam consists of 155 questions in total. 140 scored and 15 non-scored questions.

The non-scored questions, just as with ACSM, are impossible to distinguish from those that carry weight, so I suggest you answer every question you can and leave no stone unturned.

The passing grade is 70% which you have 3 hours to achieve.

Based on the most recently available statistics from NSCA themselves, 72% of test-takers manage to pass the exam.

This is quite promising as it shows a test with a reasonable entry barrier and won’t bludgeon you during the process.

This is an outlier situation if you consider how notoriously difficult other NSCA certs are, such as the NSCA CSCS certification exam.

Recertification demands submission of 6.0 CEUs after every three years from the initial certification.

The CEU requirement is drastically higher than what ACSM requires.

Most certifications ask for renewal after just two years, so I guess that year extra wiggle room is a great thing.

Review Methodology

My review process was pretty in-depth for the sake of authenticity.

I drew directly from the source material of both certifications, diving into the study packages and course textbooks.

I also collected data from resources on both certifications that I’ve accumulated throughout my career.

Lastly, anecdotal accounts from previous ACSM and NSCA candidates, including those with experience with both CPT certs.

Lastly, the analysis of reviews and forum posts by prospective, current, and past candidates added to the pot of review data.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


As certification providers, NSCA and ACSM are both excellent choices.

But which one is the best personal trainer certification?

As I’ve already expressed, both NSCA and ACSM have their unique area of focus, and both have their merits.

It will boil down to what sort of personal training practice you wish to engage in.

For instance, if you want to be an orthopedic exercise specialist, you would go with ACSM, on the other hand, if you wanted to work as a powerlifting coach, you would go with NSCA.

With that being the case, there is no best personal training certification between these two. They are both NCCA accredited and have many similarities in the materials they offer and the exams.

However, ACSM certified personal trainers would be more geared to a general population scenario from a broad market perspective.

That simply means all the skills and knowledge you’ll acquire from ACSM will help you along should you decide to open your own personal trainer studio for example.

If you plan to go with the NSCA personal training certification, then it is likely better if you see a future in becoming a strength and conditioning coach.

That’s because the ACSM personal trainer cert takes a corrective approach, which is in more demand than the NSCA fitness principles, which cater more towards the smaller athletic performance market.

Tyler Read

Tyler Read, BSc, CPT. Tyler holds a B.S. in Kinesiology from Sonoma State University and is a certified personal trainer (CPT) with NASM (National Academy of sports medicine), and has over 15 years of experience working as a personal trainer. He is a published author of running start, and a frequent contributing author on Healthline and Eat this, not that.

PTPioneer Editorial Integrity

All content published on PTPioneer is checked and reviewed extensively by our staff of experienced personal trainers, nutrition coaches, and other Fitness Experts. This is to make sure that the content you are reading is fact-checked for accuracy, contains up-to-date information, and is relevant. We only add trustworthy citations that you can find at the bottom of each article. You can read more about our editorial integrity here.

2 thoughts on “ACSM vs NSCA – The Battle of the Legacy Certifications 2023”

  1. PTPioneer User

    Thank you for all your insight! I’ve recently decided to get my personal training certification as the gym I currently work out at has a demand for training at a level much less technical than what is provided. Without really knowing where to start, other than a few links sent to me by the gym owner and coach, I came across one of your articles which opened my eyes and provided me with the valuable information I was looking for. I still haven’t gotten through all your articles yet, but at least I now have a direction. Again, thank you!!

    1. Tyler Read - Certified Personal Trainer with PTPioneer

      Hey Vonni,
      I am glad that you are enjoying my content. Good luck on the search for the perfect certification for you!

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The ISSA Exam


Before you spend your money on the wrong personal trainer, nutrition, or other fitness certification. 

Which Certification Is Best For You?


Find the best Cert for you

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The CSCS Exam


Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The ACSM Exam


Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The ISSA Nutritionist Exam


Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NCSF CPT Exam


Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NASM CNC Exam


Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NASM PES Exam


Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NASM CES Exam


Get the top 5 Tips for Passing the ACE CPT


Get the top 5 Tips for Passing the NASM CPT


Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NSCA CPT Exam


Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The ACE Exam


Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NASM Exam

Scroll to Top