Personal Training is a fast-growing essential part of the health industry! It is no wonder so many people are interested in becoming trainers and helping the general public become more healthy.

But, personal training is very different from your typical 9-5 job that we consider the average job. There is a lot to know before starting this career.

In this article, you will learn:

  • The Average Day-to-Day Schedule of a Personal Trainer
  • The Domains of Knowledge a Personal Trainer Should Study
  • The Responsibilities That Come With Being a Health Professional
  • Program Design and Client Training

By the end of this article, you will know how to describe personal training to your friends, family, and anyone else and what to expect in your day-to-day life as a trainer.

If you are stumped on which personal training certification to start with, please take the quiz to determine the right CPT for your career.

What type of Certification are you looking to get?

Now, let’s dive in and look at Personal Training in more detail!

Personal Trainer Job Description (YouTube)

✔️ Personal Trainer Job Description - Daily Duties and Responsibilities 2023

Personal Trainer Job Description (Podcast)

Personal Trainer Job Description - What I Do For Work Every Day!

Personal Trainer Career Requirements

Before we answer the question, “What does a personal trainer do?”, let’s start this article by discussing what a trainer needs before they can begin training.

This will be a summary of the basic requirements for the majority of the best personal trainer certifications.

For example, the ISSA CPT certification is very standard in its requirements and is our number one choice for certification.

For more info in this area, ensure you know how to become a personal trainer.

If you need additional help picking the best personal trainer certification for your career, be sure to take my quiz to help find the CPT for you.

You may have a bachelor’s degree in exercise science or a similar field. This would only serve to help fitness professionals and the specific needs of higher positions in fitness.

There is no doubt about it; this is one of the most enjoyable jobs anyone can wish for. It is also very profitable and the outlook for careers in personal fitness is only improving, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Overall, the highest 10 percent of trainers earn above 76k per year.

While there is no one-size-fits-all approach to becoming successful as a personal trainer, adding additional services, such as nutrition coaching, is a great way to bolster your overall training business and offerings to clients.

Furthermore, specializing in a certain fitness area, such as group exercise, strength, and conditioning, or corrective exercise, can drive higher-paying, niche clientele to your doors.

Generally speaking, the trainers I see crushing it in their personal training careers have at least two additional certifications on top of their personal training certification.

The best bet is to knock out these certs as soon as possible so you can immediately grow as a more qualified trainer, compared to putting off your additional continuing education.

The downside is this gets expensive quickly when purchasing certifications individually, so I highly recommend looking for bundle deals if you still need to get your CPT certification.

The best deal by far is the ISSA Elite Trainer.

If you choose ISSA for your CPT certification, which I highly recommend, the Elite Trainer is really worth considering.

This package from ISSA includes the famed ISSA CPT, ISSA nutritionist certification, and an additional ISSA specialization of your choice.


When going for the ISSA CPT, it’s a complete no-brainer to get the ISSA Elite Trainer.

Often, ISSA runs deals on the Elite Trainer package itself.

If they currently have a promotion running, it’s definitely hard to pass up.

You can also check out my full review of the ISSA Elite and Master Trainer programs.

When it comes to getting into the profession of personal training, there are some very common requirements we see for training, and then a few that certification organizations set.

Virtually all of the best personal trainer certifications have identical requirements to begin the exam.

Usually, the first thing checked off for requirements is being 18 years of age. This is not always a written requirement but a requirement for personal training insurance, which is more unspoken in most cases.

The next requirement is a high school diploma, or the equivalent, which basically all organizations will require.

The last personal trainer job requirement for certification and job application will be a CPR/AED certification.

CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and AED stands for the automated external defibrillator. This shows that you are prepared for basic first-aid situations.

These are the three main requirements for all fitness instructor certifications.

Personal Trainer Job Description

Exclusive PTP CPT Offers

Gold Standard Cert
NASM Gold Standard Personal Trainer Certification - Save 25&percnt off
Most Popular Cert
ISSA - Most Popular Online Personal Trainer Certification 3 Certs for
Best Study Materials
TA - Trainer Academy - Best Study Materials for Personal Trainer Certification Online - See MVP discount
A Good Option
ACE Certification- A Good Fitness Course Online Option - 25&percnt off
A Good Option
NCSF Certification - A Good Option - Save 25%
Best CPT for you?
Best CPT For You? Take the Personal Trainer Certification Online quiz and Get a Personalized Recommendation Just for You

Personal Trainer Knowledge

The industry requires that a personal trainer keeps up to date with many information topics.

As the industry improves, scientific knowledge regarding human adaptation and response to exercise will grow.

Knowing the scientific basics will be the first thing to answer the question of what makes a good personal trainer. It is one of the main duties of a personal trainer to stay well-informed, regardless of being an online personal trainer or an in-person one.

Personal trainers will need to know the following aspects of fitness:

  • Exercise Programming
  • Exercise Physiology
  • Functional Anatomy and Biomechanics
  • Fitness Assessments
  • Basic Nutrition Tips and Supplementation
  • Common Chronic Disease
  • Basic Emergency and Safety Procedures
  • Psychological and Physiological Challenges Throughout Stages of Life
  • Human Behavior and Motivation

Also, you need to be familiar with as much training equipment as possible to give you the widest variety of exercises to choose from.

These are the topics required to be a great personal trainer, and once you’ve learned them, your job isn’t over, as the science behind them will evolve throughout the years.

It is within the scope of practice to discuss these topics in detail but not prescribe illnesses and problems based on them.

A personal trainer’s job is to stay current on all of the science regarding these topics.

Naturally, doing this would help, as it is part of keeping your certification.

This depends on which organization you are with and such, but in general, you have to achieve continuing education units, or CEUs, to keep recertifying.

It also helps to develop your communication and interpersonal skills, leadership and motivational skills, entrepreneurial skills, and creativity in setting goals and objectives.

Another consideration is how you will use social media for fitness trainers and instructors.

Many personal trainers work online with clients using their own gym equipment or in a hybrid arrangement, and social media is a key tool for getting clients in this scenario.

That means you will always be forced to be learning by your certifying organization.

In my opinion, the ISSA CPT offers some of the best personal trainer knowledge. I recommend checking the latest ISSA CPT pricing directly through their website.

I also recommend taking advantage of the ISSA Elite Trainer bundle.

The Elite Trainer is hands down the best deal in the fitness industry for a one-stop-shop affordable way to kick-start your personal training career and get way ahead of the curve compared to having the CPT alone.


If you check the ISSA website and see any current promotions on the Elite Trainer, I would highly consider taking advantage of the bargain.

You can read my comprehensive ISSA CPT review here on PTPioneer, and check out the free ISSA study guide offered on this site.

Check out the Trainer Academy ISSA CPT materials for a premium study guide.

Another solid choice in second place would be the NASM CPT.

You can also read my comprehensive NASM CPT review for a deep dive into this accredited CPT certification. I recommend checking the latest pricing on NASM’s website.

We also offer a free NASM study guide here on PTPioneer.

Check out the Trainer Academy NASM CPT materials for a premium NASM study guide.

Personal Trainer Day-To-Day Schedule

Before you start training, you must be certified through a reputable certifying agency in the fitness industry, such as the American Council on Exercise (ACE) or the National Academy of sports medicine (NASM).

You will then need to land a job with a gym or other fitness facility of your choice.

Now that you are a personal trainer hired through a gym, what will your day look like?

Personal training is a unique field, as it can vary in so many ways, especially in your daily schedule. You may train in individual training sessions, or you may even train in small group training sessions.

It is important to know how small group training compares to individual training, as there is some overlap. Some tips for group training can help with this portion of one’s career.

The average daily schedule will have a personal trainer with multiple clients scheduled to enter their gym setting, wherever possible.

Clients will work out for an hour at a time and then the personal trainer will go to the next client or have a bit of downtime between these sessions.

In trainers’ downtime, they often work on designing programs for one of their other clients.

These two activities are the majority of the work for a personal trainer.

Next, let’s look into these two main forms of work: workout program design and training clients.

Personal Trainer Job Description - What I Do For Work Every Day! 4
Personal Trainer Job Description - What I Do For Work Every Day! 5

Training Clients: Assessment

Personal Trainer Job Description - What I Do For Work Every Day! 6

The first steps that you will need to take with your new clients are to assess their current level of health and fitness and take initial measurements such as body fat percentage, circumference measurements, and weight.

Workout plans start with this in their first personal training sessions so the physical condition of clients can be set for the programs.

There are typically three assessments that you need to make to understand clients’ fitness levels. You will want to assess their cardiovascular health, level of strength, posture, and any muscular imbalances they may have.

This will require some expertise with fitness equipment, exercise techniques, and some time spent in training courses.

It can help later in your career when a trainer has years of experience working to monitor and test clients when needed. It is a part of the job description for personal trainers.

Fitness assessments are a large part of my article on the fitness instructor job description.

Exclusive PTP CPT Offers

Gold Standard Cert
NASM Gold Standard Personal Trainer Certification - Save 25&percnt off
Most Popular Cert
ISSA - Most Popular Online Personal Trainer Certification 3 Certs for
Best Study Materials
TA - Trainer Academy - Best Study Materials for Personal Trainer Certification Online - See MVP discount
A Good Option
ACE Certification- A Good Fitness Course Online Option - 25&percnt off
A Good Option
NCSF Certification - A Good Option - Save 25%
Best CPT for you?
Best CPT For You? Take the Personal Trainer Certification Online quiz and Get a Personalized Recommendation Just for You

Said otherwise, your fitness training job, if you want to be one of the best personal trainers in local fitness centers, is to contribute to the holistic health and wellness of the client. It is much more than muscle and weight loss!

In summary, this is the foundation of all my personal trainer responsibilities.

Every other duty is built on a proper understanding of the individual client and the goals they want to achieve in the fitness plan/training plan.

The ACE CPT, in particular, offers an excellent system through the ACE IFT model for screening clients. I recommend checking their website for the latest pricing deals.

You can also read my deep ACE CPT review to understand this certification’s full ins and outs.

Assessment of their Cardiovascular Health – One of The Key Personal Trainer Responsibilities

Assessment of their Cardiovascular Health - One of The Key Personal Trainer Responsibilities

There are dozens of cardiovascular tests that you can use to assess your client’s level of cardiovascular health. Each certifying agency typically has its way of determining cardiovascular health.

I typically use two different cardiovascular stress tests with my clients. The two tests I use are the 3 min. step up test and the mile walking test.

The first test requires your client to use a 12-inch step two-step up-and-down on for exactly 3 min. After the analysis, you will monitor their heart rate and measure how long it takes them to get down to their resting heart rate.

Depending on how long it takes, their heart rate to return to normal is a good indication of their cardiovascular health.

Understanding this crucial aspect of personal trainer duties goes a long way to determining whether one would succeed in this career.

The mile walking test, on the other hand, requires your client to walk 1 mile as fast as they can without starting to jog. Your cardiovascular health is based on your sex, age, and how quickly you can walk that mile.

My opinion, I like the 3 minute Step test more because it doesn’t take as long, and I feel like it is a better indicator of cardiovascular health. The 1-mile walking test is also viral, and I know a lot of trainers that use it.

In other words, a trainer’s work during training sessions at health clubs, in the gym, or outdoors is beyond achieving fitness goals; you need to understand the client and work with them on a one-on-one basis.

That makes the personal trainer’s role deeper than a high school sports coach. Thus, physical fitness programs, as career options, involve knowing how to use emergency first aid tools and many more medical gadgets and tools.

Assessment of Client Strength

Assessment of Client Strength

The second test you should perform after the cardiovascular test is a strength assessment. Most personal trainers, including myself, typically perform three different strength assessment tests before the real fitness training commences.

You should perform two separate upper body strength assessment tests and one lower body test. The two upper-body strength assessment tests will measure their push and pull strength.

To measure your client’s lower body strength is typical to use an upright machine for leg press strength. Ensure you start with enough weight not to injure your client.

Ensure your clients can perform at least 15 repetitions on the first set. Every set afterward, keep increasing the weight by approximately 10 pounds until your client cannot reach 15 repetitions. This should give you a great idea of their lower body’s health.

The first upper body test I like to perform is the chest press strength assessment. I want to do this on an upright chest press machine. Once again, starting at a lower weight would be best so your client can reach 15 repetitions.

Instead of increasing the weight by 10 pounds, you should raise it by 5 pounds. Once again, keep improving the weight until your client can no longer perform 15 repetitions.

Make sure to give between two and 3 min. in between each set so that your client can fully regain their strength. I like to use a machine because the chance of injury is much smaller.

I like to use a machine similar to the upright chest press machine for the pulling assessment test. I love upright rowing machines because they stabilize the body very well with your client’s chest resting against a pad.

The instructions are the same as the chest press machine. Increase the weight by 5 pounds until your client can no longer perform 15 repetitions. You should now have a great idea of your client’s starting strength level, fitness, and health needs!

One of your key jobs as a personal fitness trainer is to know the client’s fitness levels before offering a program they need to pursue.. Thus, a trainer’s work is as physical as mental.

Assessment of Client Posture – A Major Core of Personal Trainer Duties

Assessment of Client Posture - A Major Core of Personal Trainer Duties

I use multiple postural assessments to pinpoint any muscular imbalances in my clients. If some muscles are too strong or other muscles too weak, they can cause problems and potential injuries for my clients.

Probably the most critical postural assessment test is the overhead squat test.

To perform this test, have your clients put their hands straight up in the air with their feet shoulder-width apart (toes slightly pointing outwards).

Instruct your client to squat down as low as possible while keeping the weight on their heels.

You need to observe the body position from the side as well as from the front. Do their knees cave in? Do they bend at the lower back to squat down?

This test will show you much about what muscles are too tight and which are too relaxed. Correcting muscular imbalances should be your priority when beginning any exercise routine with your client!

I personally learned a lot about muscular imbalances from the corrective exercise specialist certification from NASM!

If you are interested in the NASM corrective exercise certification, you should check for current deals on this excellent add-on certification.

Program Design: Help Clients Reach Their Goals

Being Able to Design the Appropriate Program to Help Clients Reach Their Goals

All right, now you have an excellent idea of your client’s fitness level. The next step is to understand their goals well and design a personalized exercise program for them!

This is the fun part because you help your clients progressively improve. It is exciting to see them reach their goals!

The three assessment tests I discussed above are the most significant tools at your disposal for creating a successful exercise routine. If your client has multiple muscular imbalances, then this is something that you need to address first and foremost.

You can do this or combine flexibility training techniques and gentle resistance training. Functional training should be the primary focus of this client.

There is an infinite number of workout routines that you can create for your clients to help them reach their goals! There are thousands of different exercises, and new ones are being built daily.

There are also millions of different workout routines, including exercises, rest time, intensity, repetitions, and much more.

The more you work as a personal trainer, the better you will be at implementing proper workout routines for specific clients. You need to understand the limitations of your clients.

For example, if your client had an ACL tear at some point in their life, you need to avoid exercises that may put too much stress on the ACL. It would be best if you always started slow so that you lower the risk of injury.

Once you understand your client’s limitations, it will be easier to create a balanced and progressive exercise routine so that they can smoothly achieve their goals! The program design is a HUGE part of the work as a trainer.

Although you are the expert here, it is advisable to carry the client along as you design the program, explaining every single step in detail and why such a step is important to achieving the overall goal.

This critical area, among other personal trainer duties of mine, is serious business, and I do not take it lightly.

Without a definitive program that is time-specific and correctly segmented, it would be virtually impossible to keep track of the client’s progress – or otherwise -.

Another reason such a program is indispensable is that different clients have different needs and backgrounds.

This business has no one-size-fits-all training programs; each client must be treated independently.

If you plan to conduct athletic strength and conditioning, I recommend looking into the ISSA strength and conditioning certification.

For the latest deals on this amazing strength and conditioning certification, you should check the latest pricing from ISSA.

Effective and Safe Progress Through the Program

Being Able to Effectively and Safely Progress Clients Through the Program

After you have been working with a client for a while, you will have seen them reach many short-term and possibly long-term goals. As they keep on getting stronger and more flexible, you will need to continuously change their exercise routine to push them farther and make them even fitter.

If you do not progress them, they will eventually plateau. You need to adjust the factors that I talked about above. Some ways to increase the workout intensity are to lower the rest time, increase the repetitions, increase the weight or give them more strenuous exercises.

The more you can learn to get creative with your workouts to keep clients engaged, the more consistent they will be and thus achieve their desired fitness goal.

That being said, you must ensure you do not progress them too quickly. If they’re not ready for the next level, keeping them at a lower intensity is better to prevent injuries.

An injury is much worse than a plateau for a short period, so stay cautious. In this game, slow and steady wins the race. You must explain this factor to the client and make them see that there is no need to rush the process.

It is essential to measure your clients’ progress as it will also help you determine when you should increase the intensity of their workouts and offer more difficult tasks.

In the very first meeting with your client, you should have taken initial measurements, as I mentioned at the beginning of the article.

At the very least, you should retake these measurements every month. It is incredibly beneficial to your client and yourself to know how much progress they have made in planning out future workouts.

It is also one of the most significant motivational factors for your clients to be able to see the progress that they have made!

The Importance of Reassessment

Being Able to Reassess Clients Goals and Fine Tune Accordingly

It sounds simple, but it is an important aspect of my personal trainer responsibilities. You don’t want to push too hard when the client is not ready yet or go too slow when they should have started the next stage.

Besides progressing your client through more and more difficult routines to achieve their initial goals, it is also important to step back sometimes and reassess goals. It is possible that your client may change their overall purpose and may want to change directions.

If your client’s initial goal was to lose 30 pounds and you have already achieved that, maybe their new goal is to maintain that weight but work and other aspects of fitness such as endurance, strength training, or even sports performance.

This is the time to fine-tune different goals and work out strategies for your client. You have most likely been working with this client for a very long time, so you should know how their body responds to specific exercises and how well they adapt to the stressors that you place on them.

By the way, ensure you take pictures along the way. Looking back at their once not-too-attractive body and how much progress they have made over the course of the program is a huge motivating factor to keep that client going. 

In effect, progress should be measurable and verifiable – not just to boost the client’s commitment but also to help you confirm that you are doing the right thing, helping the client get fitter!

The fluidity in the process also helps you, as a trainer, to assess your mastery of different kinds of bodies and physical exercise needs. Since all clients are different, reassessing their goals at different stages of the program makes you more flexible and able to adapt to diverse kinds of situations.

That is how you become an expert in the field. Indeed, this fine-tuning process is enjoyable as you offer personal training solutions to needy clients at the fitness center or elsewhere doing your job as a certified personal trainer!

Frequently Asked Questions

What does a trainer do every day?

Certified personal trainer jobs require talking to clients, making programs, and using all of the knowledge of exercise to train clientele.

Are there online personal training jobs?

You can become a certified personal trainer online and teach online only or partially if that is what you want to do with your career. Online personal trainer job growth is on the rise in today’s market.

Does personal training require sales experience?

Personal trainer job qualifications do not require sales experience, but any level of experience in this will only serve to help sell training to potential clients. Anything that can add to your ability to help or get clients will allow you to be a successful personal trainer.

What are some similar professions in the field of fitness?

What are the personal trainer responsibilities and duties for the profession?

Personal trainer roles basically teach clients fitness and health; while doing this, they must stay within their scope of practice.

What is a personal trainer salary?

Jobs for personal trainers pay really well and the current personal trainer job outlook is looking outstanding for the future, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. You can expect to make anywhere from 35k – 70k a year on average, with differences depending on where you live and more. This is similar to what to expect from health jobs like nutrition coaching.

Conclusion: Personal Trainer Description

Conclusion on Personal Trainer Job Description

So, you see, while some like to put on a suit and tie and sit behind a desk, people like you and I prefer to be active, helping other people lead a healthier life.

The joy of my work lies in seeing hitherto flabby and lazy folks get fitter and stronger after completing a regime of exercises. Nothing beats that feeling.

If you are trying to get into the industry, this should give you a good idea of what the day-to-day tasks are like.

This job is gratifying, and I can’t imagine myself doing anything else for a living. It is gratifying to see your clients reach their goals!

You also get to live the healthy lifestyle that you would like and are in an environment where everybody is trying to better themselves.

This type of work environment is much healthier and more exciting compared to sitting in a cubicle staring at a computer screen all day. Surely, I do enjoy every bit when carrying out my personal trainer responsibilities.

If you are serious about becoming a personal trainer, I highly suggest you look into how to become a personal trainer a little more closely.

Tyler Read - Certified Personal Trainer with PTPioneer

Tyler Read

All Posts

PTPioneer Editorial Integrity

All content published on PTPioneer is checked and reviewed extensively by our staff of experienced personal trainers, nutrition coaches, and other Fitness Experts. This is to make sure that the content you are reading is fact-checked for accuracy, contains up-to-date information, and is relevant. We only add trustworthy citations that you can find at the bottom of each article. You can read more about our editorial integrity here.

Ask me a question and I will reply ASAP

Find the best Cert for you


Get the top 5 Tips for Passing the ACE CPT


Get the top 5 Tips for Passing the NASM CPT