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1: Which bones make up the knee?
2: Which muscles are comprised in the knee?
3: What are the main actions and secondary actions of the knee joints?
4: In what way do the quadriceps and hamstrings work collectively in a lunge?
During flexion, the hamstrings are the agonist and the quadriceps are the antagonist and vice-versa during extension.
5: Which bones comprise the ankle?
6: Which muscles comprise the ankle?
Extensor digitorum longus
Extensor hallucis longus
7: Which actions occur at the ankle joint?
Plantarflexion and dorsiflexion
8: Which muscle performs a role in supporting the foot arch?
9: Describe the function of the spine
Provides a central column for movement, structural integrity and protects the spinal cord, a major component of the CNS
10: Movements of the spine involve:
anterior flexion, extensions, lateral flexion and rotation.
11: What purpose do the rectus abdominis, transverse abdominis, and obliques perform in supporting the spine?
These muscles prevent hyperextension and enable spinal flexion.
12: What purpose does the pelvis perform in connection to the “trunk” and lower extremities?
It anchors the large musculoskeletal groups of the trunk and lower body while protecting many vital organs.
13: Describe the connection between the abdominal muscles and hip flexors
Abdominal and hip flexor muscles play an overlapping role with regards to stability with the pelvic girdle acting as the central hub.
14: Name the rotator cuff muscles
15: Which bones comprise the shoulder girdle?
16: Which scapula movement is the shoulder girdle responsible for?
- Internal Rotation
- External Rotation
- Scapular Plane Abduction
- Horizontal Adduction
17: What muscles work as the primary movers of the arm at the shoulder joint?
pectoralis major, coracobrachialis, biceps brachii, anterior fibres of the deltoid, latissimus dorsi and teres major, long head of triceps, posterior fibres of the deltoid.
18: Shoulder impingement may occur from the pinching of which tendon? What exercise should be avoided as a result?
Supraspinatus tendon. Throwing exercises should be done with caution or not at all.
19: In what way do the shoulder girdle and shoulder operate mutually during movement?
The shoulder joint moves the arm while the shoulder girdle moves the scapular for complex multi-plane movement
20: Which muscles are included in the military press?
Most major muscle groups but mainly the deltoids (Medial and Anterior) trapezius, pectoralis major
scapular stabilizers and abdominal group.
21: Which bones make up the elbow?
Humerus, ulna, and radius.
22: The elbow joint is comprised of which anterior and posterior muscles?
Flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, and the palmaris longus.
23: Which bones comprise the radioulnar joint?
Radius and ulna.
24: Which muscles make up the radioulnar joint?
Brachioradialis and Flexor carpi ulnaris.
25: What actions transpire at the radioulnar joint?
pronation and supination.
26: The wrist joint is made up of which bones?
carpal, ulna and radius.
27: Which actions transpire at the wrist joint?
Flexion, extension/hyperextension, adduction, abduction.
28: Which typical injury happens at the elbow joint?
Ulnar Collateral Ligament tear
29: What causes it?
30: Describe a solution?
Physiotherapy through conditioning of surrounding muscle. surgery in severe cases
31: Which muscles is the wrist comprised of?
The flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, and the palmaris longus.
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