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ISSA Unit 4 - Kinesiology of exercise

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    1: What is”kinesiology?”

    The study of human biomechanics

    2: What is the correlation between kinesiology and biomechanics?

    Biomechanics is the scientific system of human movement patterns and adaptations via the musculoskeletal system, kinesiology is the scientific study of these patterns and adaptations and the structures that govern them.

    3: Name and describe the 3 types of muscular contractions:

    Concentric: muscle length shortens and movement occurs in opposition to force/load
    Eccentric: muscle length increases and movement occurs in direction of force/load
    Isometric: muscle length remains constant, no movement occurs in relation to force/load

    4: Fill in the chart below

    ISSA Unit 4 - Kinesiology of exercise 1

    5: What is the”prime mover?”

    The working muscle or agonist. the muscle undergoing contraction.

    6: What is the “assistant mover?”

    Plays a secondary/support role to the prime mover

    7: What is the connection between agonist and antagonist?

    As the agonist contracts, the antagonist relaxes

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    8: What does “stabilizer muscle” mean and give an example of its use in an exercise?

    Stabilizer muscles stabilize the body or body parts through multi-plane movements

    9: What is synergy in correlation to muscles?

    Synergy is performed by a synergist muscle which provides joint stability for effective agonist action.

    10: Name and describe the 4 types of muscular movement

    Isometric: muscle length remains constant and maintains tension
    Isotonic: muscle length changes and maintains tension
    Concentric: muscle length decreases in resistance to force
    Eccentric: muscle length increases and is overcome by force

    11: Describe the 3 imaginary planes of motion and give an exercise executable in each

    Sagital: passes to and from the front and back
    Frontal: divides front and back
    Transverse: divides top from bottom.

    12: Name and describe the 6 primary movements that transpire in the human body

    ISSA Unit 4 - Kinesiology of exercise 2

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    ISSA Unit 4 - Kinesiology of exercise 3
    ISSA Unit 4 - Kinesiology of exercise 4
    ISSA Unit 4 - Kinesiology of exercise 5

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