fbpx

ISSA Unit 3 – Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology

Post Content

    ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology

    If you have not signed up for the ISSA certification yet, you can get it here for a great price. Sometimes they have an awesome deal where you get their Nutritionist certification for free or their elite trainer package (three certifications in one) for a ridiculously discounted price.

    I recommend checking out the team over at Trainer Academy. They produce the best ISSA study materials, will reduce your study time by 50% and even provided an exam pass guarantee.

    Get the ISSA exam cheat sheet for free here. Courtesy of Trainer Academy.

    Post Content

      1: What is the musculoskeletal system?

      The body system responsible for biomechanical action and is comprised of skeletal muscle groups, connective tissue and bone/skeleton.

      2: What are the 4 functions of the skeletal system in our body?

      Structural Integrity/Biomechanical Function
      Production of blood
      Storage of fat and minerals
      Organ Protection

      3: What is the total number of bones in the following:

      overall skeletal system: 206
      axial skeleton: 80
      appendicular skeleton: 126

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 1
      4: Label the above skeletal chart

      5: What are the three layers that constitute the bone?

      Compact, cancellous, osteoblast

      Exclusive PTP Offers

      Gold Standard Cert
      Save 25%
      Most Popular Cert
      3 Certs for 1
      Online Trainer Course
      50% off
      Best Study Materials
      See MVP discount
      Our Elite Career Course
      $100 Off
      The Top PT Software
      Get Free Trial

      6: What are the five bone categories?

      flat, long, short, irregular, and sesamoid

      7: What are the 6 joint categories?

      pivot, hinge, saddle, plane, condyloid, and ball-and-socket

      8: Label the joints in this chart

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 2

      9: What is a “tendon?”

      Fibrous connective tissue joining muscle to bone.

      10: What is a”joint?”

      The separation between two or more corresponding bones, configured to allow appropriate movement and connected by ligaments.

      11: Explain the role of the muscular system in our bodies

      Produce movement and maintain position

      12: What are the 3 types of muscles in the body?

      skeletal
      cardiac
      smooth

      13: Fill in the chart below:

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 3

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 4

      14: Fill in the following diagrams:

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 5
      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 6
      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 7
      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 8
      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 9

      15: What is”origin?”

      Origin is the fixed attachment point of muscle to bone via tendon connection

      16: Define “insertion”

      Insertion is a dynamic attachment point of muscle to bone via tendon and changes with muscle contraction

      17: Mark the insertion and origin of the rectus abdominis muscle

      Indicate origin with an “O” and insertion with an “I.” Indicate the intended action on the line provided below.

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 10
      intended action : spinal flexion

      18: Mark the insertion and origin of the triceps brachii muscle

      Indicate origin with an “O” and insertion with an “I”. Indicate the intended action on the line provided below. (Hint Refer to Unit 8 if you have trouble with intended action.)

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 11

      19: Mark the insertion and origin of the pectoralis major muscle

      Indicate origin with an “O” and insertion with an “I.” Indicate the intended action in the line provided below. (Hint: Refer to Unit 8 if you have trouble with intended action.)

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 12

      20: Mark the insertion and origin of the latissimus dorsi muscle

      Indicate origin with an “O” and insertion with an “I.” Indicate the intended action in the line provided below. (Hint; Refer to Unit 8 if you have trouble with intended action.)

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 13
      intended action:

      21: Mark the insertion and origin of the deltoid muscle

      Indicate origin with an “O” And insertion with an “I.” Indicate the intended action in the line provided below. (Hint: Refer to Unit 8 if you have trouble with intended action.)

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 14
      lntended action:

      22: Mark the insertion and origin of the trapezius muscle

      Indicate origin with an “O” And insertion with an “I.” Indicate the intended action in the line provided below. (Hint: Refer to Unit 8 if you have trouble with intended action.)

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 15

      23: Mark the insertion and origin of the rotator cuff muscles

      Indicate origin with an “O” and insertion with an “I.” Indicate the intended action in the line provided below. (Hint: Refer to Unit 8 if you have trouble with intended action.)

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 16

      24: Mark the insertion and origin of the quadriceps muscles

      Indicate origin with an “O” and insertion with an “I.” Indicate the intended action in the line provided below. (Hint: Refer to Unit 8 if you have trouble with intended action.)

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 17
      Muscle: Rectus femoris
      intended action: hip flexion, knee extension


      Muscle: Vastus medialis
      intended action: Knee extension


      Muscle: Vastus lateralis
      intended action: knee extension


      Muscle: Vastus intermedius
      intended action: knee extension

      25: Mark the insertion and origin of the hamstring muscles

      Indicate origin with an “O” and insertion with an “I.” Indicate the intended action on the lines provided below. (Hint: Refer to Unit 8 if you have trouble with intended action.)

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 18
      Muscle: Biceps femoris
      intended action: Extension of the hip, flexion of the knee, internal rotation of the knee


      Muscle: Semitendinosus
      intended action: Extension of the hip, flexion of the knee, internal rotation of the knee


      Muscle: Semimembranosus
      intended action: Extension of the hip, flexion of the knee, internal rotation of the knee

      26: Complete the chart below to explain skeletal muscle contraction

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 19

      27: What are the six major muscle fiber arrangements?

      Fusiform arrangement
      Upennate
      Bipennate
      Multipennate
      Triangular
      Parallel

      28: Determine the muscle fiber arrangements below with examples.

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 20
      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 21

      29: What are the 4 categories of muscle fibre types and their nature?

      Type I, Type IIa, Type IIx and Type IIc

      30: What is hypertrophy in relation to the training effect?

      Hypertrophy is the anabolic response of muscle protein synthesis catalyzed by resistance training or a general adaptation to increased mechanically resistive forces in daily life. it results in increased muscle mass.

      If you want assistance wrapping your head around this material, make sure to check out Trainer Academy for some awesome ISSA study materials. They have Practice tests, flashcards, audio study guides and much more.

      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 22
      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 23
      ISSA Unit 3 - Musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology 24

      About The Author

      Leave a Comment

      Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

      Save $100 On The ISSA MVP Study System

      Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The ACSM Exam

      18749

      Get the top 5 Tips for Passing the ACE CPT

      18749

      Get the top 5 Tips for Passing the NASM CPT

      18749

      Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The ISSA Exam

      18749

      Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NSCA CPT Exam

      18749

      Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The ACE Exam

      18749

      Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The CSCS Exam

      18749

      Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NASM Exam

      18749

      Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The ISSA Exam

      18749
      Scroll to Top