ISSA Unit 30 – Sports medicine in the trenches

ISSA Unit 30 - Sports medicine in the trenches

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1: What is sports medicine?

A field of medicine involved with the treatment of injuries occurring from athletic pursuits.

2: What are the intrinsic factors that result in sports injuries?

The exercise should be consistent with age, somatotype, and abilities.
Pre-participation screening is essential.
Skills should be sufficient for exercise.
Muscle tightness can result in injury.
A sensible method for the competition must be applied.

3: What are the extrinsic factors that result in sports injuries?

Other personnel: Trainers and coaches must beware of overstimulating the athlete into a performance
Training program design.
warm-up and cool-down!
Environment.
Thermal injuries.
Nature of training apparel
Supplementary equipment such as gum-guards, head protection, safety pads, straps and wraps.
food, liquids and supplements.
Post-injury fitness: Rehab should address atrophy and loss of flexibility.

4: What are the 9 therapeutic modalities of sports medicine?

1. DIATHERMY:
2. ELECTROSTTMULATION:
3. CRYOTHERAPY:
4. HEAT THERAPY:
5. ULTRASOUND:
6. HYDROTHERAPY
7. CRYOKINETICS FOR LOW BACK AND LEG RECUPERIITION:
8. LEG ELEVATION:
9. ONGOING PROFESSIONAL ASSISTANCE:

5: Which are the 5 steps to an improved back?

Reduce Inflammation
Improve alignment and mobility
Increase flexibility
monitor posture
Strengthen back and abdomen

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6: How does chiropractic care benefit your clients?

It can release tension which improves mobility as well as a sense of wellbeing from the dopamine release

7: List the situations that would require a call to a physician with regard to fatigue and exhaustion

1. Your fatigue is not relieved by normal diet and sleep
2. Your fatigue is chronic and persists over several weeks
3. Your fatigue is associated with loss or gain of more than a few pounds
4. Your fatigue is associated with other symptoms, such as irregular heart rate, shortness of breath, dizziness, fainting, severe headaches, or fever
5. Your fatigue is characterized by severe distress
6. You experience genuine muscle instability

8: Which situations would require a call to a physician when it comes to dizziness, vertigo, or a sudden loss of consciousness

1. dizziness that does not go away within a short time
2. frequent dizziness or vertigo
3. dizziness, vertigo, or fainting associated with a head injury or convulsions.
4. recurrent fainting episodes.
5. unable to arouse someone who is unconscious-call for an ambulance at once

9: Which situations would require a call to a physician with regard to fever?

1. extended low-grade fever
2. fever fluctuates
3. fever accompanied by a sore neck, shivering, coughing, seizures or sharp headache
4. extremely high fever-over 103 degrees Fahrenheit for 12-24 hrs

10: Which situations would prompt a call to a physician when it comes to cough or shortness of breath?

1. A dry cough not related to cold or flu infection, persistent for over a week
2. excreting yellow, brownish or greenish mucus
3. Coughing up blood.

11: Which situations would require a call to a physician with regard to generalized joint and bone pain?

1. You have restricted pain in a specific bone
2. You have generalized bone pain lasting over a week
3. You have either localized or generalized bone pain combined with fever, weight loss, or redness or inflammation over any bone

12: Which situations would require a call to a physician with regard to abdominal pain?

1. You have any sharp abdominal pain, queasiness, vomiting, or diarrhea
2. You have any of these indications related to bleeding, fever, chills, or weight loss

13: Which situations would require a call to a physician with regard to bleeding or abnormal breathing?

1. Unexpected bruising.
2. bleeding that does not stop after a few minutes.
3. excessive or abnormal bleeding.
4. Bloody vomit, urine or stool

14: Which situations would require a call to a physician with regard to hip pain?

The gradual onset of hip pain for a week or more.
Hip pain, a limp, or a bruise over your hip after a fall.
You suspect a dislocation.

15: Which situations would require a call to a physician with regard to leg pain?

Cramps for several days with no cause
Painful, ulcerated varicose veins
You have any inflammation or tenderness in your thigh or calf.

16: Which situations would require a call to a physician with regard to ankle pain?

Ankle inflammation and pain after an injury.
You are not able to walk normally or have any dullness or prickling in your foot numerous hours post-injury.
You increasingly exhibit pain, redness, or inflammation in your ankle that continues for more than 2days.

17: Which situations would require a call to a physician with regard to foot pain?

any nagging pain after a foot injury.
painful corn or callus, an ingrown toenail, or fungal infection of your feet and you have diabetes or poor circulation.
an infected or ingrown toenail.
You notice a sudden, painful swelling and redness of any of your joints, especially the big toe.

18: What are the 3 common foot profiles?

Pronated
Neutral
Supinating

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ISSA Unit 30 - Sports medicine in the trenches 1
ISSA Unit 30 - Sports medicine in the trenches 2
ISSA Unit 30 - Sports medicine in the trenches 3

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