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ISSA Unit 2 – Basic anatomy and physiology

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    ISSA Unit 2 - Basic anatomy and physiology

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      1: Name the levels of organization in the body

      Atomic
      Molecular
      Organelle
      Cell
      Tissue
      Organ
      Organ system
      Organism

      2: List the cellular components that make up a cell

      PLASMA/ CELL MEMBRANE.
      CYTOPLASM
      NUCLEUS
      RIBOSOMES
      GOLGI BODY / APPARATUS
      LYSOSOMES
      MITOCHONDRIA.

      3: Name the 4 tissue types in the body

      epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous tissue

      4: What are the 10 systems that make up the human body

      digestive, endocrine, immune, integumentary, circulatory/lymphatic, muscular, nervous, reproductive, respiratory, skeletal and urinary

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      5: Describe the respiratory system and its function

      The organ system responsible for oxygen intake and carbon dioxide excretion.

      6: Explain the “training effect and how it influences the lungs throughout exercise

      An increase in activity results in an increased oxygen demand, which in turn causes the lungs to work more.

      7: What is the average resting heart rate of a trained individual vs. an untrained individual?

      A normal resting heart rate for the average adult is 60 to 100 beats per minute (bpm) or 40 to 60 bpm for highly conditioned athletes

      8: Describe the circulatory system and its function. What are the constituents of blood?

      The organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients and remove toxins in and out of tissues. Blood consists of plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

      ISSA Unit 2 - Basic anatomy and physiology 1

      9: Find the Approximated Maximum Heart Rate of a 48-year-old man with the below calculation

      22O -Age = Estimated Maximum Heart Rate.
      172

      10: Describe the function of the heart in training

      To supply oxygen and energy by blood circulation.

      11: What is Maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) and how does it relate to exercise?

      the maximum amount of oxygen a person can utilize during intense exercise

      12: Explain the digestive system and its role in our bodies

      The processing, transport and absorption of food-based nutrients and the removal of food waste by-products.

      13: Explain the nervous system and its two major parts

      ISSA Unit 2 - Basic anatomy and physiology 2

      15: Explain the relationship between the endocrine system and the nervous system

      The endocrine and nervous systems are coordinated by the hypothalamus which determines what hormones to secrete given the appropriate nerve impulses.

      16: Describe the function of hormones

      Hormones are chemicals that regulate metabolic and nervous function through the binding to appropriate cellular receptors.

      17: Describe the purpose of growth hormone (HGH) how does it associate to exercise?

      HGH stimulates tissue growth, recovery and improved mental state in response to resistance training.

      ISSA Unit 2 - Basic anatomy and physiology 3

      If you want assistance wrapping your head around this material, make sure to check out Trainer Academy for some awesome ISSA study materials. They have Practice tests, flashcards, audio study guides and much more.

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      About The Author

      2 thoughts on “ISSA Unit 2 – Basic anatomy and physiology”

      1. Tyler thanks for putting this together it is quite helpful for the studying process. One note on number 9. 220-48=172. Unless I’m missing something about the calculation that isn’t shown in the question. Again, thanks for the work on this.

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