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ISSA Unit 2 - Basic anatomy and physiology

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    1: Name the levels of organization in the body

    Atomic
    Molecular
    Organelle
    Cell
    Tissue
    Organ
    Organ system
    Organism

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    2: List the cellular components that make up a cell

    PLASMA/ CELL MEMBRANE.
    CYTOPLASM
    NUCLEUS
    RIBOSOMES
    GOLGI BODY / APPARATUS
    LYSOSOMES
    MITOCHONDRIA.

    3: Name the 4 tissue types in the body

    epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous tissue

    4: What are the 10 systems that make up the human body

    digestive, endocrine, immune, integumentary, circulatory/lymphatic, muscular, nervous, reproductive, respiratory, skeletal and urinary

    5: Describe the respiratory system and its function

    The organ system responsible for oxygen intake and carbon dioxide excretion.

    6: Explain the “training effect and how it influences the lungs throughout exercise

    An increase in activity results in an increased oxygen demand, which in turn causes the lungs to work more.

    7: What is the average resting heart rate of a trained individual vs. an untrained individual?

    A normal resting heart rate for the average adult is 60 to 100 beats per minute (bpm) or 40 to 60 bpm for highly conditioned athletes

    8: Describe the circulatory system and its function. What are the constituents of blood?

    The organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients and remove toxins in and out of tissues. Blood consists of plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

    ISSA Unit 2 - Basic anatomy and physiology 1

    9: Find the Approximated Maximum Heart Rate of a 48-year-old man with the below calculation

    22O -Age = Estimated Maximum Heart Rate.
    172

    10: Describe the function of the heart in training

    To supply oxygen and energy by blood circulation.

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    11: What is Maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) and how does it relate to exercise?

    the maximum amount of oxygen a person can utilize during intense exercise

    12: Explain the digestive system and its role in our bodies

    The processing, transport and absorption of food-based nutrients and the removal of food waste by-products.

    13: Explain the nervous system and its two major parts