ISSA Unit 2 – Basic anatomy and physiology

ISSA Unit 2 - Basic anatomy and physiology

1: Name the levels of organization in the body.

Atomic
Molecular
Organelle
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Organ system
Organism

2: List the cellular components that make up a cell.

PLASMA/ CELL MEMBRANE.
CYTOPLASM
NUCLEUS
RIBOSOMES
GOLGI BODY / APPARATUS
LYSOSOMES
MITOCHONDRIA.

3: Name the 4 tissue types in the body.

epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous tissue

4: What are the 10 systems that make up the human body.

digestive, endocrine, immune, integumentary, circulatory/lymphatic, muscular, nervous, reproductive, respiratory, skeletal and urinary

5: Describe the respiratory system and its function.

The organ system responsible for oxygen intake and carbon dioxide excretion.

6: Explain the “training effect and how it influences the lungs throughout exercise.

An increase in activity results in an increased oxygen demand, which in turn causes the lungs to work more.

7: What is the average resting heart rate of a trained individual vs. an untrained individual?

A normal resting heart rate for the average adult is 60 to 100 beats per minute (bpm) or 40 to 60 bpm for highly conditioned athletes

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8: Describe the circulatory system and its function. What are the constituents of blood?

The organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients and remove toxins in and out of tissues. Blood consists of plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

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9: Find the Approximated Maximum Heart Rate of a 48-year-old man with the below calculation.

22O -Age = Estimated Maximum Heart Rate.
178

10: Describe the function of the heart in training.

To supply oxygen and energy by blood circulation.

11: What is Maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) and how does it relate to exercise?

the maximum amount of oxygen a person can utilize during intense exercise

12: Explain the digestive system and its role in our bodies.

The processing, transport and absorption of food-based nutrients and the removal of food waste by-products.

13: Explain the nervous system and its two major parts.

15: Explain the relationship between the endocrine system and the nervous system.

The endocrine and nervous systems are coordinated by the hypothalamus which determines what hormones to secrete given the appropriate nerve impulses.

16: Describe the function of hormones.

Hormones are chemicals that regulate metabolic and nervous function through the binding to appropriate cellular receptors.

17: Describe the purpose of growth hormone (HGH) how does it associate to exercise?

HGH stimulates tissue growth, recovery and improved mental state in response to resistance training.

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