ISSA Unit 25 – Exercise and diabetes

ISSA Unit 25 - Exercise and diabetes

1: What is the role of insulin in diabetes.

in diabetes, insulin is either not produced (type I) or its production and efficacy are no longer healthy(type II)

2: What is the difference between Type I and Type II diabetes.

Type I diabetes is a genetic disorder in the pancreas’ ability to produce insulin. Type II is the result of poor lifestyle decisions based on diet and activity.

3: How many Americans die from diabetes annually?

150,000

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4: Explain how exercise can help prevent and manage diabetes.

since a lack of physical activity leads to being overweight, a precursor and complicating factor to diabetes, enough exercise can reduce the risk or help manage the condition

5: List and explain the guidelines, which have been identified to minimize potential *exercise hazards and maximize exercise benefits for diabetics.

Diabetic individuals should do a medical assessment prior to starting an exercise program.
Diabetics should check their blood sugar levels before, during, and after training.
Unless limited by complications, diabetics can engage in the same types of activities as healthy individuals.
The intensity should be similar to healthy adults.
Type I diabetics should be advised to exercise 20 to 30 minutes per session. ln contrast Type ll diabetics should be encouraged to exercise for a longer duration (up to 60 minutes per session).
Both types of should ideally exercise daily.
Diabetics should be encouraged to exercise within 1-3 hours after food intake.
Due to the effect of exercise, diabetics who engage in physical activity without adequate food intake (especially carbs) are at risk of experiencing low blood sugar
Type l diabetics should be instructed to:
1) avoid exercising during periods of peak insulin
2) alter the insulin injection site to an area not primarily involved in the exercise
Diabetics should be instructed to always carry a form of fast-acting carbohydrate.
Diabetics should be encouraged to exercise with a partner who is aware of their condition.
Diabetics (especially Type l) should be advised to avoid exercising in extreme heat due to the risk anhidrosis.
Diabetics should be instructed to check their feet carefully before and after exercise because they have an increased susceptibility to infection.
Strength training at a low-to-moderate intensity level (12-20 repetitions/set) can be incorporated into the total fitness program for diabetics.

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