ISSA Unit 24 – Exercise and hypertension

ISSA Unit 24 - Exercise and hypertension

1: What is the relationship between hypertension and coronary heart disease?

The excess pressure placed by hypertension can result in coronary heart disease

2: List and name 6 steps that can be beneficial in the treatment and prevention of high blood pressure.

Maintain appropriate body weight.
Limit alcohol intake to no more than two drinks a day.
Do not smoke.
Moderate the amount of salt in the diet.
Consume adequate amounts of calcium, magnesium, and potassium.
Exercise on a regular basis.

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3: What are the main factors that should be looked at when planning an exercise program for hypertensive individuals?

Weight-free or low-impact cardio exercises.
Low-intensity exercise.
Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) should be employed to control exercise intensity for clients taking meds for hypertension.
Exercise duration: 20-30 min/session up to 30 min – 1 hour
Hypertensive clients should ideally exercise at least four times/week.
A protracted warm-up period for cardio and musculoskeletal stimulation prior to the activity.
A protracted cool-down time is advised so that a progressive shift can be made from an active state back to a resting state.


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