NASM 6th Edition chapter 7 - Flexibility Training Concepts
NASM study guide chapter 7

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Chapter 7 NASM study guide

Definitions:

Relative flexibility: The tendency of the body to seek the path of least resistance during functional movement.

Dynamic stretching: Stretching performed to simulate normal, functional movement.

Autogenic inhibition: The process where tension impulses are greater than contraction impulses, leading to muscle relaxation. Occurs with self-myofascial release stretching.

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Self-myofascial release (SMR): Applying gentle force to an adhesion “knot,” changing the elastic muscle fibers from a bundled position to a straighter alignment toward the muscle or fascia.

The integrated flexibility continuum:

The optimum performance training model has three types of flexibility training.

1: Corrective flexibility:

It is good to use this type of flexibility to increase the range of motion at the joints, improve muscular imbalances/posture, and correct joint movement. These stretches should be held for 20 to 30 seconds. Myofascial release and static stretching are forms of flexibility training.

2: Active Flexibility:

This type of flexibility training is for preparing muscles to be used during exercise. Not only does it stretch your muscles, but it also warms them up and prepares them for activity. To perform it, you take the joint to its end range of motion and keep it there for approximately two seconds. Repeat this process approximately five times. Self-myofascial release, as well as active isolated stretching, promote active flexibility.

3: Functional flexibility:

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This type of flexibility training is typically used in the power level of the optimum performance training model. It has a high demand for soft tissue and neuromuscular extensibility. It moves the joint through its full range of motion while executing exercises. For example, the lunge to the side bend. Dynamic stretching, as well as self-myofascial release, promotes functional flexibility.

The static stretching summary:

Stretches are held for 30 seconds to help relax mechanoreceptors through autogenic inhibition. This allows for a wider range of motion to achieve both chronically and acutely eventually. This style of stretching can prevent deviations in one’s posture. The muscle spindle is deactivated by stretching in this manner.

The active isolated stretching summary:

By performing active isolated stretching and holding it for approximately two seconds and approximately five times repetitively, you use reciprocal inhibition to lengthen and prepare your muscles for activity (in the short term). Stretching all muscles this way (especially the overactive tight muscles) is recommended.

The dynamic stretching summary:

This moves your body through a full range of motion. This uses reciprocal inhibition to extend the range of motion of the joint. This is for use for an exercise routine in the power level of the optimum performance training model.

Mechanoreceptors:

Specialized receptors respond to the pressure inside tissues and transmit signals through sensory nerves. These respond to forces such as motion, sound waves, pressure, stretching, and touch. It can sense the various distortions in the human body.

Muscle spindles:

These are sensory receptors that sit parallel to muscular fibers. These special spindles can detect the length of a muscle and how fast it changes length. This helps to regulate the contraction of muscles by way of the stretch reflex mechanism. Its purpose is to help prevent and protect from stretching that could lead to muscular damage.

Golgi tendon organs:

Golgi tendon organs or GTO or another type of specialized sensory receptor. They are found where tendons are attached to skeletal, muscular fibers. These receptors can sense the change in muscular tension and the rate that this tension changes. When you activate the Golgi tendon organ, it will cause a muscle to relax. This is to help prevent injury from excess stress and contraction.

Muscular imbalances:

The alteration of the muscle length that surrounds a joint. Pay a lot of attention to Table 7.6!

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NASM 6th Edition chapter 7 - Flexibility Training Concepts 1
NASM 6th Edition chapter 7 - Flexibility Training Concepts 2
NASM 6th Edition chapter 7 - Flexibility Training Concepts 3

NASM flashcards for Chapter 7

NASM 6th Edition chapter 7 - Flexibility Training Concepts 3

Tyler Read

Tyler Read, BSc, CPT. Tyler holds a B.S. in Kinesiology from Sonoma State University and is a certified personal trainer (CPT) with NASM (National Academy of sports medicine), and has over 15 years of experience working as a personal trainer. He is a published author of running start, and a frequent contributing author on Healthline and Eat this, not that.

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6 thoughts on “NASM 6th Edition chapter 7 – Flexibility Training Concepts”

  1. PTPioneer User
    Jennifer Marinov

    A little confused on Static Stretching. I thought autogenic inhibition relaxed the GTO (Golgi Tendon Organs). But you put it helps relax mechanoreceptors. Does it relax both? Or does stimulating the GTO relax the muscle by relaxing Mechanoreceptors? Thank you so much for this study guide. I don’t have the book yet by the way. I thought it would be a good idea to go through your study guide first since I think you only have 6 months to take the exam after getting the book. This way I will be a step ahead. 🙂

    1. Tyler Read - Certified Personal Trainer with PTPioneer

      Hey Jennifer, good idea. This study guide can be a good way to introduce materials and also just learn before committing to a specific program. I am glad you are enjoying and using PTPioneer.

  2. PTPioneer User

    I just started the NASM CPT course. I’m in module 3. I am suppose to read chapter 7 and chapter 9 .should i read it or just read your study guide for chapter 7 and 9 ?? I’m trying to figure out if i should read all the chapters or just read all of your chapter study guides.

    1. Tyler Read - Certified Personal Trainer with PTPioneer

      Hey, you should definitely try reading the chapters on your own first and then using my study materials as a guide for the most essential info. The text is still extremely helpful for the topics.

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