NASM study guide chapter 17

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Chapter 17 NASM study guide

Personal trainers cannot prescribe any meal plans! We can only give general nutritional advice. Once again, we cannot prescribe meal plans. (There will be a question on this!).

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Important definitions to know

Lipids: A group of compounds that include sterols, phospholipids, and triglycerides (fats and oils).

Carbohydrates: A neutral compound made up of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen. Think about starches, sugars, and celluloses. It can usually be used as energy in the human body.

Protein: Multiple amino acids linked together by peptide bonds. Help in repairing in building bodily tissue as well as structures. It is involved in the synthesis of enzymes, hormones, as well as other regulatory peptides.

Calorie: A scientific unit of energy.

Kilocalorie: 1000 calories. The energy required to increase the temperature of 1 L of water by 1°C. When we say calories in everyday speech, we really mean kilocalories.

Nutrition: The process of obtaining the necessary amount of food for growth and health.

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The 8 essential amino acids

Phenylalanine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Methionine, Lysine, Valine, Isoleucine, Leucine

The recommended intake of protein

It Is recommended that inactive adults consume approximately .8 g of protein for every kilogram of body weight.

It Is recommended that athletes consume between 1.2 and 1.4 g of protein for every kilogram of body weight.

It Is recommended that strength athletes get between 1.2 and 1.7 g of protein for every kilogram of body weight.

The recommended amount of daily fiber

It is recommended that adults get approximately 38 g of fiber every day. The minimum recommendation is 25 g per day.

Endurance athletes: Specific recommendations

Overall, when training endurance athletes, you need to know that they should be getting more carbohydrates to fuel their extreme calorie burning routines. They need this to have a built-up storage of glycogen in their liver and muscles. This will help with recovery time as well as increase their performance overall. It is recommended that they consume between 6 and 10g of carbohydrates per kilogram of body weight every day.

The differences between the three types of fatty acids

Monounsaturated: This type of fatty acid increases the good HDL cholesterol and they have exactly one double bond on the carbon chain. Mono refers to one.

Polyunsaturated: Polyunsaturated fats increase good cholesterol and are made up of essential fatty acids that are not produced by the human body. They have more than one double bond in the carbon chain. The word poly refers to more than one.

Saturated: Responsible for increasing bad LDL cholesterol. Do not have a double bond in the carbon chain. This is why they are referred to as saturated fats.

The functions that lipids have in the human body

  • Carriers of vitamins: Lipids are small water-insoluble molecules that make them perfect as a carrier. It acts as a carrier for vitamins such as D, K, E, D, and A. They are also important for carotene to convert into vitamin A.
  • Precursors to hormones.
  • Used for cellular signaling.
  • Protecting surrounding organs and holding them in place.
  • Helps to insulate the body and protects it from temperature changes in the environment.
  • It helps to prolong digestive processes by slowing down the secretion of HCl in the stomach.
  • Provide the sensation of satiety.
  • Cholesterol formation.
  • Formation of the membrane lipid layer.

The importance of water and daily intake recommendation

If you are a woman, you should be drinking 2.2 L per day. You should drink 3 L of water daily if you are a man. If you are trying to lose weight, drink more water. Water is essential for in the endocrine system, metabolic system, and delivery. It also helps to control your body’s temperature and blood volume.

The effects of moderate dehydration

  • Retention of sodium
  • Muscle cramps
  • A decrease in blood pressure
  • Moderate water retention
  • Few tears (or none) when crying
  • Lightheadedness and/or dizziness
  • A decreased rate of sweat
  • Dry skin
  • Headache
  • Tiredness or sleepiness
  • Sticky or dry mouth

The effects of severe dehydration

  • Unconsciousness and delirium (extreme cases)
  • Basically no urination, dark urine color
  • An increase in body temperature
  • No apparent tears when crying
  • Rapid breathing
  • Fast heart rate
  • Very low blood pressure
  • Very dry skin that will not “bounce back” after pinching
  • Sunken eyes
  • Confusion and irritability
  • Intense thirst

Altering client’s body composition: guidelines

  • Basically, sticking to the laws of thermodynamics and the recommendations.
  • For losing weight: exercise more, eat fewer calories, do not eat processed foods, pick whole grains, limit alcohol intake, and drink lots of water.
  • To gain weight: Eat more than you burn, consume plenty of fat and carbohydrates, and eat frequently.

Energy for fats, carbohydrates, and proteins

  • Fats: 9 kcal per gram
  • Carbohydrates (CHO): 4 kcal per gram
  • Protein (PRO): 4 kcal per gram
  • Alcohol: 7 kcal program

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NASM flashcards for Chapter 17

Tyler Read - Certified Personal Trainer with PTPioneer

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2 thoughts on “NASM 6th Edition chapter 17 – Nutrition”

    • Thanks for pointing this out to me Sarah, you are right I just double-checked in the sixth edition textbook! And it does say eight essential amino acids. good luck with all the studying!

      Reply

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