ISSA Unit 21 – Exercise and older adults

ISSA Unit 21 - Exercise and older adults

1: What percentage of major diseases could be prevented through appropriate lifestyle changes?

14%

2: What is the importance of Dr DeVries’ work on the significance of exercise in older individuals?

Shows that men and women in their 70s and 80s can achieve fitness levels of people 30 years younger.

3: What is the relationship between regular exercise and independence for older people.

Regular exercise promotes a longer health-span, which includes prolonged bone density through elderly life, a key to physical independence.

4: Name the absolute contraindications to training older people?

Severe Coronary heart disease, arrhythmia (ventricular, atrial), uncontrolled hypertension, acute myocarditis, and/or thrombosis

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5: Name the relative contraindications to training older people?

Valvular heart disease, permanent pacemaker, cyanotic congestive heart disease, Marfan Syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)’ electrolyte imbalance (hypokalemia), uncontrolled myxedema, uncontrolled diabetes, thyrotoxicosis, long Q-T syndrome of the EKG.

6: What are the guidelines for training older adults.

Strength Programs: Low to moderate intensity with higher amounts of reps
Frequency: 2-3 times per week.
Duration: Approximately1 hour total
intensity: Low to moderate.
Flexibility Training/Stretching after each session

7: List and explain the three categories for training older adults.

Category 1: 55-65 years. moderate weight training routines
Category 2: 65-80 years. modify programs based on medical recommendations.
Category 3: 80 years and above. Closely monitor, set low-exertion levels, and emphasize individual muscle group strength.

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