CSCS Chapter 23: Facility Design, Layout, and Organization

CSCS Study Guide Chapter 23

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Chapter Goals:

  1. Find the aspects of facility design. Also know the four phases of design.
  2. Find the aspects of facility modification and the differences between designing and modifying.
  3. Describe the assessment of athletic program’s needs for facilities.
  4. Describe designing facility features like supervision location, access, mirrors, electrical service, environmental factors, flooring, and ceiling height.
  5. Describe how we should arrange equipment in organized groups for better flow of traffic.
  6. Describe maintenance and cleaning needs for the facility.

General Aspects of New Facility Design

  • Making a professional committee is the first thing that should be done for a new strength and conditioning facility.
    • The predesign phase typically needs 25% of the whole projects time (which is usually 6 months). The main priority is to make a needs analysis. Feasibility studies are conducted to find the costs, location, and interests.
    • The design phase is next, and it involves 10 -12% of the whole time of the project (which is usually about 3 months), In this stage you work with the architects to finish blueprints, include the specs for equipment, make the space user friendly, and design the facility to give access to all athletes.
    • The construction phase is the third phase and it is typically 50% of the total project. This is usually 12 months of construction. Deadlines need to be set and followed closely.
    • The Preoperation phase is the last phase of facility design. It is usually 15% and takes 3 – 4 months. The focus here is on making staffing considerations.

Existing Strength and Conditioning Facilities

  • Professionals in strength and conditioning need to take responsibility for existing facilities. The focus is to improve and reorganize to meet the new needs.
  • The professionals need to assess the equipment that is there and base it on the needs of the athletes and teams in the facility.

Assessing Athletic Program Needs

  • How many people will use the facility?
  • What training goals do athletes, coaches, and administration have?
  • What are the demographics of the people using the facility?
  • What will the athlete’s training experience be?
  • What will the schedules look like?
  • What equipment needs repairs or modifications?

Designing the Strength and Conditioning Facility

  • Location is preferably on the ground floor.
  • Supervision location needs to be located centrally.
  • The facility needs to be accessible by people with disabilities in some way.
  • Ceiling height should have between 12 and 14 feet of clearance from low items.
  • The flooring should be carpet or rubberized flooring, for plyometrics and agility it should be indoor turf.
  • Lights need to be 50 – 100 lumens.
  • Typically, between 68 and 78 Fahrenheit is best for the temperature.
  • Humidity levels should not exceed 60%.
  • Air needs to be exchanged 8 – 12 times an hour. This is usually 2 – 4 fans each 1,200 feet.
  • Sound should be lower than 90 decibels, so athletes are able to hear.
  • Electrical service should be grounded properly to keep from lightning strikes and surges.
  • Mirrors need to be a minimum 6 inches from equipment and 20 inches off the floor.
  • Other things to consider are drinking fountains, storage room, bumper rails and padding, telephones, and locker rooms.

Arranging Equipment in the Strength and Conditioning Facility

  • Safety and efficiency recommendations exist for each equipment type and exercise mode.
  • Function and safety are the biggest priorities when making decisions regarding placement of equipment in facilities.
  • Equipment placement
    • Need to be grouped to sections like stretching and warm ups, agility and plyometrics, resistance machines, aerobic area, and free weights.
    • Free weights and racks need to be put along walls, and walkways need to be present between machines and free weights.
    • Machines might be lined up in the middle of the weight room so there is a walkway on all sides.
    • Tall machines need to be bolted to a door or column or wall.
    • Cardio machines need to be in their own place and lined up and organized.
    • Dumbbells and barbells need to have a minimum 36 inches between other dumbbells and barbells.
    • Weight trees are put close to the plate loaded equipment and still 36 inches apart.
    • 36 inches for walking should be present around the rack.
    • Equipment needs to be 6 inches minimum from any mirrors.
  • Traffic Flow
    • Make 2 or 3 main walkways 36 inches wide.
  • Stretching and Warm Up Area
    • There needs to be 49 square feet of space for dynamic warm ups and enough room for many people to be there at once.
  • Circuit Training Area
    • These machines need to be 24 inches or more, hopefully 36 inches, from each other. Walkways in circuit training areas need to be 4 to 7 feet wide.
  • Free Weights
    • These should be placed on a wall with walking room between the wall and weights.
  • Weightlifting Area
    • Platforms and rack need to be 3 or 4 feet apart and bolted down.
  • Aerobic Area
    • This area needs 24 square feet for stair machines and bikes, 45 square feet for treadmills, 40 for rowers. These estimates include space between machines.

Maintaining and Cleaning Surfaces

  • Scheduling maintenance and cleaning makes sure training is safe, protects the investments, and keeps the appearance of the facility.
  • The flooring needs to be inspected daily, swept, vacuumed, and mopped.
  • Vertical surfaces should be cleaned, and cracked mirrors replaced.
  • The ceiling fixtures and attachments need to be dusted.
  • You should prevent mildew, mold, and rust.

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