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- Find the aspects of facility design. Also know the four phases of design.
- Find the aspects of facility modification and the differences between designing and modifying.
- Describe the assessment of athletic program’s needs for facilities.
- Describe designing facility features like supervision location, access, mirrors, electrical service, environmental factors, flooring, and ceiling height.
- Describe how we should arrange equipment in organized groups for better flow of traffic.
- Describe maintenance and cleaning needs for the facility.
General Aspects of New Facility Design
- Making a professional committee is the first thing that should be done for a new strength and conditioning facility.
- The predesign phase typically needs 25% of the whole projects time (which is usually 6 months). The main priority is to make a needs analysis. Feasibility studies are conducted to find the costs, location, and interests.
- The design phase is next, and it involves 10 -12% of the whole time of the project (which is usually about 3 months), In this stage you work with the architects to finish blueprints, include the specs for equipment, make the space user friendly, and design the facility to give access to all athletes.
- The construction phase is the third phase and it is typically 50% of the total project. This is usually 12 months of construction. Deadlines need to be set and followed closely.
- The Preoperation phase is the last phase of facility design. It is usually 15% and takes 3 – 4 months. The focus here is on making staffing considerations.
Existing Strength and Conditioning Facilities
- Professionals in strength and conditioning need to take responsibility for existing facilities. The focus is to improve and reorganize to meet the new needs.
- The professionals need to assess the equipment that is there and base it on the needs of the athletes and teams in the facility.
Assessing Athletic Program Needs
- How many people will use the facility?
- What training goals do athletes, coaches, and administration have?
- What are the demographics of the people using the facility?
- What will the athlete’s training experience be?
- What will the schedules look like?
- What equipment needs repairs or modifications?
Designing the Strength and Conditioning Facility
- Location is preferably on the ground floor.
- Supervision location needs to be located centrally.
- The facility needs to be accessible by people with disabilities in some way.
- Ceiling height should have between 12 and 14 feet of clearance from low items.
- The flooring should be carpet or rubberized flooring, for plyometrics and agility it should be indoor turf.
- Lights need to be 50 – 100 lumens.
- Typically, between 68 and 78 Fahrenheit is best for the temperature.
- Humidity levels should not exceed 60%.
- Air needs to be exchanged 8 – 12 times an hour. This is usually 2 – 4 fans each 1,200 feet.
- Sound should be lower than 90 decibels, so athletes are able to hear.
- Electrical service should be grounded properly to keep from lightning strikes and surges.
- Mirrors need to be a minimum 6 inches from equipment and 20 inches off the floor.
- Other things to consider are drinking fountains, storage room, bumper rails and padding, telephones, and locker rooms.
Arranging Equipment in the Strength and Conditioning Facility
- Safety and efficiency recommendations exist for each equipment type and exercise mode.
- Function and safety are the biggest priorities when making decisions regarding placement of equipment in facilities.
- Equipment placement
- Need to be grouped to sections like stretching and warm ups, agility and plyometrics, resistance machines, aerobic area, and free weights.
- Free weights and racks need to be put along walls, and walkways need to be present between machines and free weights.
- Machines might be lined up in the middle of the weight room so there is a walkway on all sides.
- Tall machines need to be bolted to a door or column or wall.
- Cardio machines need to be in their own place and lined up and organized.
- Dumbbells and barbells need to have a minimum 36 inches between other dumbbells and barbells.
- Weight trees are put close to the plate loaded equipment and still 36 inches apart.
- 36 inches for walking should be present around the rack.
- Equipment needs to be 6 inches minimum from any mirrors.
- Traffic Flow
- Make 2 or 3 main walkways 36 inches wide.
- Stretching and Warm Up Area
- There needs to be 49 square feet of space for dynamic warm ups and enough room for many people to be there at once.
- Circuit Training Area
- These machines need to be 24 inches or more, hopefully 36 inches, from each other. Walkways in circuit training areas need to be 4 to 7 feet wide.
- Free Weights
- These should be placed on a wall with walking room between the wall and weights.
- Weightlifting Area
- Platforms and rack need to be 3 or 4 feet apart and bolted down.
- Aerobic Area
- This area needs 24 square feet for stair machines and bikes, 45 square feet for treadmills, 40 for rowers. These estimates include space between machines.
Maintaining and Cleaning Surfaces
- Scheduling maintenance and cleaning makes sure training is safe, protects the investments, and keeps the appearance of the facility.
- The flooring needs to be inspected daily, swept, vacuumed, and mopped.
- Vertical surfaces should be cleaned, and cracked mirrors replaced.
- The ceiling fixtures and attachments need to be dusted.
- You should prevent mildew, mold, and rust.
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