ACE Study Guide
Post 4 of 19
- ACE Study Guide Home
- ACE CPT Chapter 1
- ACE CPT Chapter 2
- ACE CPT Chapter 3
- ACE CPT Chapter 4
- ACE CPT Chapter 5
- ACE CPT Chapter 6
- ACE CPT Chapter 7
- ACE CPT Chapter 8
- ACE CPT Chapter 9
- ACE CPT Chapter 10
- ACE CPT Chapter 11
- ACE CPT Chapter 12
- ACE CPT Chapter 13
- ACE CPT Chapter 14
- ACE CPT Chapter 15
- ACE CPT Chapter 16
- ACE CPT Chapter 17
- ACE CPT Chapter 18
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Post 4 of 19 in the ACE Study Guide
Client and trainer relationships
The rapport stage: This is the stage where there are a mutual trust and understanding between the client and the trainer. In both nonverbal and verbal as well.
- This rapport builds over time
- A positive first impression is important
- Verbal and nonverbal: confidence while speaking (non-hesitant), Friendly eye contact, genuine facial expressions, minimizing hand gestures, good posture/body positioning.
The investigation stage: This is where you review your client’s fitness and health information, their medical clearance to exercise, exercise history and overall goals.
- Demonstrate active and effective listening skills
- Encourage your client
- Ask your client open-ended questions
- Respond to your client’s difficult disclosures
The planning stage: This is when your client is now ready to start exercising. The personal trainer organizes an exercise routine with the client.
Setting client goals (Refer to table 3-2 and 3-3 in manual for SMART goals)
SMART goals are:
Process goals: This is something the client does such as completing four workouts this week.
Product goals: Achieving quantitative goals such as losing 3 pounds or setting a personal record on the squat.
Talking about exercise form or alternative exercises
Creating a plan of attack
Evaluating the exercise routine
- Using probing questions to find out more
- Listen actively and effectively
- Give your client educational information
- Maintain a friendly conversation
- Increasing self-confidence
- Encourage your client
The action stage: This is when the client starts working out.
The personal trainer has to have the capacity to teach their clients new motor skills.
Setting up systems that are self-monitoring.
Individualize the teaching methods
- Tell, show, do
- Remind your client that it takes time to get better at motor skills
- Present new skills clearly and slowly
- Give your clients opportunities to focus on practice
Providing your client with feedback
- Correct their errors, continue to motivate so that your client practices and improves, reinforce what your client has done well.
Use of effective modeling
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Cultural competence: This is the ability to work effectively and communicate with people of different cultures.
- Continuing to build rapport and showing empathy
- Keeping professional boundaries
The stage of cognitive learning: Use the strategies of tell, show and do in order to provide opportunities to practice. This is the stage that your clients are trying to learn and understand a new skill.
The stage of associative learning: This is when your clients have already mastered the basics of the skill and are prepared for specific feedback in order to refine that skill.
As a personal trainer, we have to balance giving the right amount of feedback and giving appropriate feedback.
The stage of autonomous learning: This is when your client can perform a motor skill naturally and effectively.
The trainer doing more monitoring and less teaching.
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