ACE CPT Chapter 13 – Mind-body Exercise

ACE Study Guide Chapter 13

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ACE study guide, ACE practice test/quiz and ACE flashcards for chapter 13.

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The science of mind-body exercise

  • Breathing, medication and neuroendocrine interactions
    1. CRH (corticotropin releasing hormone) and ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone)
      • Bond the hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal glands (otherwise known as the HPA axis)
      • Hypothalamus – Meditation lowers HPA axis activation
      • Adrenal – Lowers cortisol and catecholamine production
        1. Lowers hypervigilance and arousal

Mind-body exercise benefits

  • Increased flexibility, coordination, balance, muscular strength, self-efficacy, and mental development
  • Yoga research
  • Tai chi and Quigong
    1. Reported lowering of
      • Stroke incidences
      • Mortality by stroke
      • blood pressure
    2. Reported increases of
      • Bone mineral density
      • Balance improvement
      • Improved lipid profile
      • Psychological well-being
      • Improved cancer therapy effectiveness

Types of mind-body exercises

  • The criteria
    1. Contemplative/meditative
    2. Kinesthetic awareness of body and proprioception
    3. Breathwork/breath centering
    4. Proper choreographic form/anatomic alignment
    5. Energy-centric
  • Yoga
    1. Integral yoga
      • Emphasis on diet
      • Heart disease reversal programs used by Dr. Dean Ornish
  • Quigong
  • Tai chi

Contemporary styles

  • Pilates training
  • Feldenkrais method
  • Alexander technique
  • Nia
  • ChiRunning/Chiwalking
  • Alaskan and Indian spiritual dancing

Indications of mind-body exercise

  • Suggested for people that have chronic diseases
    1. Stage I hypertension or high normal
    2. Type II diabetes
    3. Depression and anxiety disorders
    4. Types of arthritis
    5. Bad functional capacity
    6. Clients in need of pulmonary and/or cardiac rehabilitation
    7. Pain management
    8. Anger management
  • ACS (acute coronary syndromes)
    1. Meditation and yoga breathing can help reduce the potential for acute coronary syndromes

Mind-body exercising and personal trainers

  • When should you use mind-body exercise
  • During and before an RT session
  • Warm-ups and cooldowns can include meditation and yoga breathing
  • Low/moderate aerobic and strength training can incorporate mindful components
  • Various poses can be used to help improve coordination and balance

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