NASM 7th Study Guide
Post 12 of 23
- 7th Edition Chapter 1
- 7th Edition Chapter 2
- 7th Edition Chapter 3
- 7th Edition Chapter 4
- 7th Edition Chapter 5
- 7th Edition Chapter 6
- 7th Edition Chapter 7
- 7th Edition Chapter 8
- 7th Edition Chapter 9
- 7th Edition Chapter 10
- 7th Edition Chapter 11
- 7th Edition Chapter 12
- 7th Edition Chapter 13
- 7th Edition Chapter 14
- 7th Edition Chapter 15
- 7th Edition Chapter 16
- 7th Edition Chapter 17
- 7th Edition Chapter 18
- 7th Edition Chapter 19
- 7th Edition Chapter 20
- 7th Edition Chapter 21
- 7th Edition Chapter 22
- 7th Edition Chapter 23
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Post 12 of 23 in the NASM 7th Study Guide
- Find the rationale for posture, movement, and performance assessments.
- Find the steps for doing assessments on posture, movement, and performance.
- Be able to understand the results of assessments on posture, movement, and performance.
- Give a summary for the use of fitness assessments as tools for building rapport and credibility with your clients.
Introduction to Postural, Movement, and Performance Assessments
These types of assessments are a vital part of the intake process for all clients and assists the trainer in making an individualized program for exercise for the client’s well-being.
Static posture is the position of the musculoskeletal system when the body is simply standing.
Dynamic posture is the alignment of the body during motion.
Fitness professionals need to be good at recognizing correct optimal movement based on the foundations of anatomy and physiology.
Importance of Posture
Optimal posture allows for your body to be aligned in a way that will lower stress on joints and tissues, whether it is seated, standing, or lying.
Poor posture often results from work environments that require excessive amounts of sitting.
These are alterations in the lengths of muscles around a joint where some are overactive, and some are underactive. There is simply a lack of balance in the muscles around a joint.
Static Postural Assessment
This allows the professional to look at deviations from the optimal bodily alignment in a standing position.
Static posture assessments include anterior, lateral, and posterior views to see all the deviations from the optimal position that exists.
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This also utilizes the kinetic chain checkpoints. These are:
- Feet and ankles
- Head and neck
Common Distortion Patterns
There are three common distortion patterns that are seen.
Pes planus distortion syndrome: Characterized by flat feet, knee valgus, and adducted and internally rotated hips
Lower crossed syndrome: Characterized by an anterior pelvic tilt and excessive lordosis (extension) of the lumbar spine
Upper crossed syndrome: Characterized by a forward head and protracted (rounded) shoulders
It is important to know how to recognize these various patterns.
Observing Dynamic Posture
Overhead Squat Assessment
This is one of the first movement assessments used for the majority of clients. It is possibly one of the best ones for showing so many problems.
This assessment is designed for assessing dynamic posture, stability of the core, and control of the neuromuscular system for the entire body in a squatting motion.
This advanced movement has a lot of moving parts and things to look for, so it is important to thoroughly study this part of the book.
Many impairment types can be found during certain parts of the move and in all kinetic chain checkpoints.
Single-leg Squat Assessment
This looks at the dynamic posture, strength in the lower extremity, balance, and coordination in the body overall.
This test is normally done for the clients that do well when performing the overhead squat assessment.
This assessment is done to challenge the upper body and the trunk during pushing moves. It can be done before a workout session or put into the actual programming to accomplish.
This is an assessment that challenges the upper body and trunk when pulling. This can also be done before or during an exercise training session.
Push Up Test
This measures the muscular endurance of the upper body during pushing moves. The goal will be to complete as many reps as possible, while using good form, in a certain length of time.
The test can be done many ways, and this depends on the population being tests, but most often the standard 60 second standard push up test is done.
Bench Press Strength Assessment
This is used to look at max strength and find a one rep max for the exercise of the bench press. It may not be good for all clients, but it is a solid test for those with strength-specific goals.
Squat Strength Assessment