ISSA Nutritionist Chapter 14: Dietary Guidelines 5

If you have not yet signed up for the ISSA Nutritionist certification, you can get it here for free as part of a special bundle.

Get your copy of the ISSA Nutritionist exam cheat sheet. It helps immensely for studying for the exam.

Make sure to check out Trainer Academy for premium ISSA Nutritionist study materials. They will reduce study time by 50% and have an exam pass guarantee. Read my full review on them here. You can save $100 on their MVP study system with the code: PTPSUB

Chapter Goals:

  • Be able to give definitions and describe the dietary guidelines for Americans.
  • Explain the United States Department of Agriculture’s nutrition programs that rely on these dietary guidelines.
  • Be able to discuss the key elements of healthy eating.
  • Find dietary suggestions to align with patterns of healthy eating.

Introduction

The US department of health and human services, also called the HHS, and the US department of agriculture, USDA, created and updated a list of dietary guidelines Americans should follow to promote a sustainable diet that gives lifelong health and nutrition.

Foods available in the United States will include fresh, packaged, and processed products. 

For the best choices, consumers must be able to read and understand the labels on their food. 

Reading the nutrition label, ingredient lists, and food labels would make a world of difference. 

Exclusive PTP CPT Offers


Gold Standard Cert
NASM Gold Standard Personal Trainer Certification - Save 25&percnt off
Most Popular Cert
ISSA - Most Popular Online Personal Trainer Certification 3 Certs for
Best Study Materials
TA - Trainer Academy - Best Study Materials for Personal Trainer Certification Online - See MVP discount
A Good Option
ACE Certification- A Good Fitness Course Online Option - 25&percnt off
A Good Option
NCSF Certification - A Good Option - Save 25%
Best CPT for you?
Best CPT For You? Take the Personal Trainer Certification Online quiz and Get a Personalized Recommendation Just for You

The current dietary guidelines are useful for those that are trying to make healthy food choices and craft their own well-rounded diet. 

Purpose of Dietary Guidelines

These guidelines are meant to guide the development of federal health policies, programs, food, and nutrition. The main audiences will be the people making the policies and the nutrition and health professionals, not so much the general public.

The publication of these guidelines is important for the professionals that are working with the population to change their daily choices and prevent chronic disease that is becoming prevalent in society.

The dietary guidelines are used by the USDA and HHS food programs and other programs that work with federal departments. This includes programs like:

  • The USDA’s national school lunch program and school breakfast program are in charge of feeding over 30 million kids every school day.
  • The supplemental nutrition assistance program
  • The special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children
  • The HHS Administration on aging older Americans act nutrition services programs. This looks at thousands of community-based service providers.
  • The department of defense and department of veterans affairs food programs.

The dietary guidelines are also used to make programs and policies and communicate to audiences outside of those mentioned.

Five Focus Areas of the Dietary Guidelines

The dietary guidelines are organized progressively, so it starts with five core concepts and then follows those up with more detailed guidelines for choices in food.

First, follow a healthy eating pattern across your lifespan

All of your choices in food and beverage matter, so choosing an eating pattern that is at the right calorie level and allows the proper level of nutrients will reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

Second, focus on variety, nutrient density, and food amounts

To meet the nutrient needs and stay within the calorie limits, you should choose nutrient-dense foods across and in all food groups in the recommended amounts.

Exclusive PTP CPT Offers


Gold Standard Cert
NASM Gold Standard Personal Trainer Certification - Save 25&percnt off
Most Popular Cert
ISSA - Most Popular Online Personal Trainer Certification 3 Certs for
Best Study Materials
TA - Trainer Academy - Best Study Materials for Personal Trainer Certification Online - See MVP discount
A Good Option
ACE Certification- A Good Fitness Course Online Option - 25&percnt off
A Good Option
NCSF Certification - A Good Option - Save 25%
Best CPT for you?
Best CPT For You? Take the Personal Trainer Certification Online quiz and Get a Personalized Recommendation Just for You

Third, limit calories from added sugars and saturated fats and reduce sodium intake.

Healthy eating patterns would ideally be low in added sugars, saturated fats, and sodium.

Fourth, shift to healthier food and beverage choices

Choose beverages and foods that are nutrient-dense and in all food groups.

Fifth, support healthy eating patterns for all.

Everyone should have a role in helping to create and support healthy eating patterns in many settings nationwide, from school to home, at work, and in your communities.

Limiting added sugars

These came up in one of the guidelines and are worth repeating due to their presence in so many of today’s foods.

The recommendation for these added sugars is for them only to be 10 percent or less of your total daily calories taken in. 

Limiting unhealthy fats

Calories from trans and saturated fats should be less than 10 percent of the calories taken daily. Ideally, it would help if you replaced more saturated ones with unsaturated ones to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Limiting sodium

Sodium intake is ideal when it is 2,300 mg or less per day. 

This is set at the tolerable upper intake level, and it goes for people aged 14 and up.

Limiting alcohol

This is important to do, as alcohol is essentially the same as drinking empty calories. The ideal limit is set to one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men.

The Food Pyramid to MyPlate

Most recognize the food pyramid, and the MyPlate diagram is the new way to implement it. This is the breakdown of how an ideal plate should look for someone. 

This MyPlate tool is one of the main tools that nutrition coaches should use, and they break down the fractions of dairy, vegetables, grains, fruits, and protein that you should get.

Tyler Read - Certified Personal Trainer with PTPioneer

Tyler Read


All Posts

PTPioneer Editorial Integrity


All content published on PTPioneer is checked and reviewed extensively by our staff of experienced personal trainers, nutrition coaches, and other Fitness Experts. This is to make sure that the content you are reading is fact-checked for accuracy, contains up-to-date information, and is relevant. We only add trustworthy citations that you can find at the bottom of each article. You can read more about our editorial integrity here.

Ask me a question and I will reply ASAP

30 ISSA Practice Q's

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The ISSA Exam

18749

ISSA Nutritionist exam cheat sheet

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The CSCS Exam

18749

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The ACSM Exam

18749

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The ISSA Nutritionist Exam

18749

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The ISSA Nutritionist Exam

18749

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NCSF CPT Exam

18749

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NASM CNC Exam

18749

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NASM PES Exam

18749

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NASM CES Exam

18749

Get the top 5 Tips for Passing the ACE CPT

18749

Get the top 5 Tips for Passing the NASM CPT

18749

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NSCA CPT Exam

18749

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The ACE Exam

18749

Get The Sectret Cheat Sheet For The NASM Exam

18749